Whilst I agree that the poor weather was factor in the suffering of the soldiers during the Crimean war, it was not the sole reason for their suffering; it was just another factor that made a bad situation worse. The main cause of the suffering was incompetence as a result of the poor organisation and lack of adequate preparation by the British Army. As the war had been planned as a 12 week rather than a 12 month campaign, the soldiers were not equipped for the conditions they faced during the winter of 1854-55. Troops had been sent out with summer uniform, tents were not waterproof or insulated against the cold. Balaclava harbour was very small and busy and the roads out of Balaclava were poor leading to great difficulties in transporting goods to the troops on the higher ground around Sebastopol.
History Source question 1a How far do sources X and Y challenge source W about the effective supplying the army? In source W, William Russell outlines that food supplies are being given to the army and how the army were being sufficiently fed, which shows allegations of food shortages to the army in the Crimea are false. But compared to sources X and Y it states their were lack of supplies of both food, and clothing, which they blame mostly down to the weather conditions. Source X, which is a letter home from a doctor at the Crimea says the last two weeks supplies have been unable to reach the army which he blames for the ‘bad weather.’ Source Y comes from a journal written by an officer in the Heavy Brigade. He blames the lack of supplies
The King tried implementing several policies to increase the food supply, such as price controls on livestock and restrictions on the production of ales and other products made from the limited supply of grain. None of these policies worked, because there simply was just not enough food (32). People hoped the harvest of 1315 would be the end of it, but heavy rainfall in 1316 continued the hunger. The shortage of food became so severe that paupers were forced to eat dead bodies of cattle to survive. People from Northern France are rumored to
The main diet was bully beef (canned corned beef), bread and biscuits. However, the supplies often ran low and he soldiers suffered from malnutrition. This was just the beginning of their problems. There were no toilets for the British soldiers. They had to use their tins and duck behind the sheds in the trenches.
This was one of the main reasons why they gained many followers during the period of the Tsars abdication. Initially the public did think the PG would succeed in helping Russia redevelop from the deterioration of the country that the Tsar was responsible for, however it soon began to show different. They failed to provide food for the country, which is shown through the source of John Reed, an American journalist living in Petrograd in 1917. “Week by week food became scarce.” This will most likely be a reliable source as he is not involved with the Russian politics and government. He merely states what he has seen.
Before the PG came into power, the already dire economic, agrarian and social problems were getting worse and worse as the war continued and as a result, the majority of Russians opposed the war effort. This meant that from the beginning of their reign, the PGs decision to carry on with the war made them unpopular as food shortages and the economy got worse and worse. For example, by 1917, the price of bread had doubled while the rations halved from their original figures in 1914. This discontent was proven as early as April the 20th as a riot broke onto the streets demanding that Milyukov, the head of Russian foreign affairs and key war minister, was sacked. This was significant as it meant that in the times of potential danger for the PG, they couldn’t rely on the people to support them.
However, the greatest humiliation came at the battle of Tsushima in May 1905. Russia lost 25-35 warships in this clash. Many mistakes were key to the loss of this war. To begin with the Japanese were far better prepared to tackle disease with medical water testing devices. As well as this the Trans-Siberian railway was still unfinished and this meant that Russia struggled to move its troops and supplies form west to east.
The need for crop production was fueled by the lack of economic prosperity. This occurred right after World War II, which could explain why “more than half the people of the world are living in conditions approaching misery.. Their food is inadequate.” (3) People were faced with little to no food sources and disease. Because of World War II, the lands were fought on and filled with dirt, which was not usable for developing farms. It did not help the prosperity of agriculture in those lands. “The land is tired, worn out, depleted of plant nutrients.”(4) Document 3 is the inaugural address of the US president Harry Truman.
One of the main problems was the social problems it caused because of the loss of agricultural workers in the war led to a massive food shortage in Russia it also dint help when the tsar announced their would be bread rationing, in the war Russia also didn’t perform very well they lost 1.6 million Russian soldiers 3.9 million were wounded and 2.4 million were captured. another reason why the 1905 revolution survived was because the Tsar issued the October manifest which meant that a lot of people were happy because it allowed people to have a freedom of speech it also said that the Tsar would share his power which he had to intention of doing over time he started undoing concessions and arguing that the Duma was only a shell of democracy as it could not pass laws without the approval of the monarch, and that freedom of speech was heavily
It was noticed that even among staff there is no co-ordination. The committee noticed that the age old practices are being followed both in teaching and administration. In the meanwhile one of the parents wrote a strong letter to management, expressing his displeasure about the treatment he got during his last visit to the college. Already the government issued a notice to the college to improve the library facilities. With all these, the management is perplexed and looking for a direction to move.