Some Close Encounters of a Mental Kind

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In the article “Some Close Encounters of a Mental Kind”, Stephen Jay Gould, an author talks about the certainty. Gould argues about the human memories that human could remember things back that have happened long times ago. He mentioned in the article that there are three levels of potential error in direct and objective vision: misperception, retention, and retrieval. Gould uses several different examples to support his statement. I was convinced by Gould that people should careful and doubt itself of what we see with our eyes when we think back from our memories. Firstly, people should doubt when remembering their memories back again. People should doubt with their memories, because they might rethink in a wrong way. Their memory could twist with the other two similar memories and remember it wrong. For an example, from Gould’s experience, Gould has vivid memories that he have went to Devils Tower, Wyoming when he was at age of fifteen with his family. He remembers that the tower he has seen was look like vertically from the dead flat Great Plains. But as Gould’s dad drove closer to the tower, the Devils Tower looked like a conjoined mat of hexagonal basalt columns. The tower looked like forming a perpendicular junction. He couldn’t forget this because the huge size of the Devils Tower gave him a big impression. After few years later, Gould chose to revisit the Devils Tower to see the amazing tower with his family again. Before he went to go see the tower, he told his story to his people. When he went to Wyoming to see the Devils Tower, he knew that he was wrong. Gould was embarrassed himself that he was remembering the Devils Tower inaccurately, because he thought he would never remember wrong about the Devils Tower. He thought he would never be wrong with the Devils Tower, because it gave him a huge impression that he wouldn’t forget. The memory of

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