Cepheid variable stars have masses much larger than our Sun; the more massive stars are more luminous and have more extended envelopes 10. The stars near the centers of galaxies are orbiting at high velocities, which mean that there is the presence of super-massive black holes in the centers of most galaxies. 11. Large galaxies can absorb smaller galaxies called galactic cannibalism. Chapter 14 1.
Which of the following planets is NOT a gas giant? a. Earth b. Jupiter c. Saturn d. Uranus 16. The sun gets its energy from a. burning fuel b. nuclear fusion c. shrinking due to gravity d. convection 17. The number of on any planet can be used to estimate how old the surface is.
Meteorites are naturally occurring objects that originate in space and survive a fall to the ground through Earth’s atmosphere. (What are meteorites?) Most are remnants of asteroids or possibly comets. However, a few have been shown to be pieces of Moon or Mars that were launched into space by an impact event. While moving through space these objects are known as meteoroids.
AUCKLAND UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY THE EXISTENCE OF BLACK HOLES WHAT ARE BLACK HOLES? DO THEY REALLY EXIST? TEVITA PAEA ID: 0102315 LITERATURE REVIEW ESSAYS “WHAT ARE BLACK HOLES?DO THEY EXIST? : If they do, HOW ?”If not: HOW?” Our solar system consists of ten planets revolving around the Sun. The Sun serves as a magnet that uses its gravitational pull to hold the solar system together.
Sunspots near the Sun's equator rotate at a faster rate than those near the solar poles. The following high resolution image shows a close-up view of a moderately large sunspot. The field of view covers about 60000 km horizontally, and 38000 km vertically. The penumbral diameter of this sunspot is about 16500 km; the Earth, with an equatorial radius of 6378 km, would cover up the umbra but not the penumbra. Sunspots can be quite small ([IMAGE]1500 km diameter), and reach sizes up to 50000 km.
is quite late in the history of the Universe, which -- as we told you in our lastInstruction -- is thought to have begun about 15 million years ago with an almostunimaginable explosion called The Big Bang.At first, the Earth was just a ball of molten rock and gasses. As it began to cool,dense materials like iron sank down into its core. Lighter materials likecompounds of oxygen and water rose toward the surface.That's why the Earth is made up of different layers -- as you can see in this crosssection:There are three layers in the Earth: the Crust, the Mantle and the Core. For another way to look at them, click:http://mediatheek.thinkquest.nl/~ll125/en/fullstruct.htm -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Page 2 www.etap.orgEarth Science Lesson 3Dynamic Earth Processes (Grades 8-12 )Instruction 3-1The Internal Structure of the Earth2 of 2California Content Standards Earth Science 3.b.B. J. Subbiondo © 2004The CrustThe outer layer of the Earth is called the crust.
The moon pulls most of the water nearest to it creating a high tide. On the other side of the planet, the moon’s pull is much weaker and the water forms a high tide bulge. When the moon, earth, and sun are in a straight line, called syzygy, we see the greatest difference between high and low tide water levels. These are spring tides and they occur twice each month. When the sun and moon are at a right angle, the pulls fight each other and cause a smaller difference between high and low tides called neap tides.
Carbon dioxide concentrations were about five times higher than they are today and the average global temperature was 6 – 8 degrees higher than it is today. The earth’s temperature depends on the balance between energy entering and energy leaving the planet’s system. Electromagnetic radiation enters the planet’s system, and much of it is converted to infrared radiation (heat) which warms our planet, and sunlight is used by plants for photosynthesis. One has to only look at the example of the Moon to see how vital the Earth’s atmosphere is for the existence of life. The Moon has no atmosphere to block some of the sun’s rays in the day or to trap heat at night, and this is why temperatures on the Moon range from -233 degrees Celsius to 123 degrees Celsius at those respective times.
Direct motion and retrograde motion both occur with Mars, direct motion is when the planet seems to be going forward, and retrograde is when it seems to be going backwards. Many astronomers have noticed this and have tried to come to a solution as to why it occurs. Eudoxus of Cnidus Eudoxus of Cnidus came up with the first theory as to why retrograde motion occurs. He thought that there was a system of spheres, a small sphere in the middle on one axis and a larger sphere on another axis; both of the axis’ are offset. The axis of the smaller middle sphere is embedded in the outer sphere so they share the same motion.