Sojourner Truth Essay

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Sojourner Truth’s original name was Isabella Baumfree. She was born in 1797 in Ulster County, New York to mother Elizabeth and father James Baumfree. She was one of thirteen children. Her parents were both slaves on the Colonel Johannes Hardenbergh plantation in Swartekill, New York. She lived on the plantation with her family until she was nine, which was when she was sold to a new master because the previous one had died. Serving her new master was very difficult because she only knew Dutch with the new family spoke only English. Therefore, she received many beatings and punishments for the constant miscommunication. Then, about a year and a half later she was sold again to John Dumont of New Paltz, New York. Again, she suffered many harmful situations from the Dumont’s, especially from Mrs. Dumont. In 1815, she found love in another slave, Robert. The relationship was forbidden and they tried to see each other once but it resulted in Robert’s master following and beating him brutally. However, she had their baby, Diana a year later. Later, in 1817, She was forced into marrying an older slave, Thomas, and produced four children. A year prior to the New York State emancipation of abolishing slavery, she was promised freedom by the Dumonts. But, John Dumont said that due to a hand problem, she did not perform her work to satisfaction and therefore could not be released. Sojourner decided to work until she believed she made up her work and then she took her youngest child and left at dawn. This speech made by Sojourner was spoken in 1851. In the fifties, the main controversy circled around the soon to be Civil War. The North and the South were very tense, as well as the status of slavery. Multiple compromises rose to try and resolve the start of the Civil war, like the Compromise of 1850; which included the Second Fugitive Law. Also, Harriet Beecher Stowe

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