Much of what Socrates uses to defend himself proves otherwise; this is proven in the story of the Oracle from Delphi. What does Socrates think of the gods? Socrates seems to contradict himself on several occasions on this issue. As Socrates defends his charge of atheism proposed by his accusers, he is able to prove to one of his accusers, Meletus, that he believes in the gods. In this essay I will prove that Socrates is in fact not a religious person, but he has had to act religious all his life as so he wouldn’t ever be accused for something such as this and uses this act to completely disprove the accusations made against him.
However, Socrates would not teach daimonia if he did not believe in god. There is an inconsistency in Meletus’ indictment. Socrates points it out. He says, “you say that I do not believe in gods, and again that I believe in gods, since in fact I do believe in daimons” (Ap. 27d).
Three Schools of Thought Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle Three Schools of Thought: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. This paper is a discussion of Socrates’, Plato’s, and Aristotle’s schools of thought. It is interesting to note that Aristotle was a student of Plato who was a student of Socrates. SOCRATES Background Socrates lived from 469 to 399 BC and what we know of Socrates is due to the writings of his students as he himself wrote nothing, or if he did nothing has survived. One question that will always remain is did Socrates exist or was he a tool used by Plato and other philosophers to create dialog and controversy.
Philosophers have always been questioning the definition of piety. It is impossible to find the meaning of the word because it requires deep analysis in order to understand the structure of its definition. According to “Euthyphro” by Plato, one philosopher, Socrates, searches for that definition by becoming an intellectual, who thinks and asks question. He asks Euthyphro questions about piety, in order to find answers to prove he is not impious, during one of his trials. However, Socrates is unable to find the meaning because the definition of piety changes.
During these times after Plato, there was actually two school of skepticism that developed making a rival against academics or knowledge. (Moore, Bruder, 2011) Refutations Being part of the “Academics,” Augustine first battled against skepticism with the principle of noncontradiction. This principle makes it known that in a proposition and its contradiction, one must be correct and neither can be true. (Moore, Bruder, 2011) Moore and Bruder explain that “The stick is straight” and “It is false that the stick is straight” cannot both be true. Augustine also believed that when one believed or used any doubt, then that one is disclosing his/her existences.
He continued to refute this assertion by making a slightly sarcastic, presumptuous joke at the public’s expense, “Listen then...some of you will think I am jesting, but be sure that all I say is true.” This quote can be perceived as a stab at the ‘inferior argument’ strategy, for which sophists are famous. In Aristophane’s Clouds, Socrates is portrayed as being able to teach such a method, in which the individual that masters it can make even the
The ancient text Crito by Plato is a staged dialogue between Socrates and Crito in which is attempting Crito offers numerous arguments to encourage Socrates escape imprisonment. Crito emphasizes that if Socrates does not escape, no one would believe that he had cooperatively faced execution. That the people of Athens would fault Crito for not helping Socrates, assuming that he values his money more than the life of his close friend. Crito argues that there are other states in which Socrates has allies that will keep him safe and continues to emphasis that he should not easily give in to his enemies. However, Socrates argues against Crito’s proposal to help using few arguments.
On his quest for true knowledge, Descartes discovered that his senses alone failed. Descartes agreed to some degree with skeptists; that what we percieve may not be real, that he could dream of what he experiences or that something might be controlling his thoughts, but what he can not deny is that he does think. He is quoted as famously saying, "I think; therefore, I am". Although some rationalist believe that God must exist, there are many people who think rationalism leads to Atheism because you can not prove God's existance through logical positivism. The only way to determine truth or what is real, is to deduce.
However, some Greek philosophers were not happy with it, and they started paying tribute to natural processes when they recognized that the natural processes or elemental processes had been upon the earth. Socrates controverts the first charge by professing to know nothing about this subject and by asking people that is there anyone has heard him conversing and discussing such subjects. “all those of you who have heard me conversing, …, if any one of you has ever heard me discussing such subjects to any extent at all.” (Plato 19d) The opinion that Socrates might be guilty of being “a person who studying things in the sky and below the earth,” is ludicrous. (Platp 19b) The final verdict for this first charge was not guilty. The second charge that the group of accusers brings against