Socrates Essay

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Around 400 BC Plato, one of Socrates greatest admirers, wrote a dialog of the speech Socrates makes at the trial where he was accused of not recognizing the gods that the state recognized, and for corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates is brought before a jury to defend his case and uses the method of cross-examination to prove his argument. Throughout the duration of the trial, Socrates uses concrete evidence and his distinctive logical to prove to his accusers that he is innocent. Instead, Socrates establishes a strong argument for his claim that he is essentially one of the most positive influences on the youth while recognizing that the gods do exist. Before Socrates went to trial to prove his innocence, in addition to already believing he was the wisest in all of Athens, he confirmed his assumption by asking the oracle. “He went and asked if there was anyone wiser than myself; to which the Pythia responded that there was no one.” (21a) Regarding the perspective of the audience, it’s not a necessity for Socrates to present himself in an elegant manner to the jury in order to convince them that he is guilty because the oracle verified the fact that he is the wisest. Due to the confirmation of the oracle Socrates is now more prone to proving his accusers wrong and declaring his innocence. The first charge against Socrates was the fact that he was corrupting the youth through his philosophies. The way in which Socrates defended himself was by calling Meletus to be questioned about the people that were considered good influences on the youth. The strength of Socrates argument comes from the method in which he asks the questions so in the end he forces Meletus to prove his point for him. After a series of questions regarding the specifics of whom might be considered a good influence on the youth, Socrates says, “So every person in Athens, it would

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