It demonstrates the effect that discipline and parenting styles can have on a child. Social Learning Theory recognises children as being more engaged in their leaning and stresses the importance of role models, stating that children can learn by simply observing others. Constructivism somewhat downplays the role of social experiences in favour of biological influences and suggests that children are independent agents of their own learning, not overly influenced by parents and teachers. Finally, Social Constructivism argues that the key to learning and development lies in the social interaction with peer groups, rather than merely observing others. Behaviourists believe that the environment in which a
What is the dependent variable? How would you define it operationally? Having Fun With Operational Definitions Adapted from teachpsychscience.org Directions: Identify and operationally define the independent and dependent variables in each of the following research ideas. Research Idea #1: A social psychologist was interested in whether people are more likely to exhibit conformity when they are in situations that make them feel nervous and unsure of themselves. What is the independent variable?
For example, people may find it meaningful to view themselves according to their sex, race, culture, weight, religion and so on. Prejudice can be learned through direct instruction, modeling, and other social influences on learning as seen by the social cognitive theory. The best way to overcome prejudice is to learn about people who are different than you in multiple ways. Additionally, the best way to learn about people is to have direct contact with them and get to know them on a personal level. Intergroup contact is where people from different lifestyles live, work, and study together.
How do they influence current practice? Cognitive – Jean Piaget | Main points of theory Piaget’s theory is sometimes referred to as a “constructive approach” because he suggested that children constructed or built up their thoughts according to their experiences of the world around them. He uses the term ‘schema’ to refer to a child’s conclusions or thoughts. He felt that learning was ongoing process with children needing to adapt (hence Piaget’s term ‘adaption) | Explain how does this theory influence current practice? If a parent was expecting a baby and maybe the other child wasn’t happy about it, we as a setting we could do role play with the dolls making references to when you have a baby brother or sister you could help mummy, you can cuddle the baby etc.
Demonstrate how to adapt communication with children and young people for: a) the age and stage of development of the child or young person b) the context of the communication c) communication differences. In order to build relationships with children I must adapt my behaviour and communication accordingly. Children of all ages, cultures and abilities need to feel secure and valued and my interactions with them need to demonstrate this. Through positively communicating with, and being involved with children I show them that they are part of the school community. To treat children equally a variety of unequal factors need to be taken into account in order to meet their entitlement as pupils.
Kohlberg developed this theory from interviews with groups of young children and their responses to “moral stories”, which were then coded into Kohlberg’s stages. The first two moral stages are under the first level, which is labeled as “pre-conventional”. This level is concerned with external and concrete consequences of an act for one’s self, and moral decisions are based on egocentrism and self-interest. (Muuss, 181) Stage one is known as Heteronomous Morality, and can be ultimately described as reasoning based on either attaining a reward, or avoiding punishment, where good and the bad are defined by obeying or disobeying set authorities and rules. Stage two is called individualistic, instrumental morality.
The following essay is going to assess theories in regards to creativity, active learning, play and children learning and development, these theories will include…. These will also be critically analysed looking at competing perspectives of theories. The importance of creativity and critical thinking will be analysed and the impact it has on children’s learning and development holistically within the setting- ( add more info) The capability to resource and create an appropriate environment that will stimulate and interest young children’s learning and development will be demonstrated through discussion of how the setting achieves goals of supporting each individual child. To support the discussion photographic evidence will be provided within appendices A. Also
Lynn Cox Assignment 7 State the different assessment methods available and explain the ones you would use for your subject area, including reference to initial assessment. State the types of assessment records you would complete and why. A variety of assessment methods are used within the NVQ Childcare courses I teach and assess. As an assessor, observation is the best method of assessment and within the Level 2 course lot’s of evidence for performance is collected this way. Directly witnessing a learner’s competence gives good proof of interaction and communication skills, ability to work with children and adults, familiarity of setting etc.
It means researching the situation and changing the way of being and doing so the learning, spiritual, and social needs of the child are met. Know your children, by finding out about them. A consequence of adopting inclusive practise is that children witness inclusive behaviours and will then copy. Inclusion according to Brown, D and Thomson, C (2005) ‘involves ensuring that children who are, for whatever reason, at a disadvantage in society are not excluded from mainstream’. pg165.
Broderick & Blewitt (2015) define social comparison as comparing someone else’s abilities with their own, and this is a common practice during middle childhood and early adolescence. Middle childhood is when self-esteem is developed and these social comparisons can influence childhood self-esteem and an adolescent’s identity status (Broderick & Blewitt, 2015). Eccles (1999) classifies these stages of development as being socially dramatic due to the individual wanting to fit in somewhere. Social rejection from peers can influence the development with negative behaviors and feelings