Sociology Paper

4942 WordsFeb 3, 201220 Pages
Introduction o Personal bias o Institutional racism o This research paper focuses only on racism in Trinidad Definitions of Race “The concept of race signifies and symbolizes sociopolitical conflicts and interests in reference to different types of human bodies. Although the concept of race appeals to biologically based human characteristics, selection of these particular human features for purposes of racial signification is always and necessarily a social and historical process. There is no biological bias for distinguishing human groups along the lines of race and the socio-historical categories employed to differentiate among these groups reveal themselves upon serious examination to be imprecise if not completely arbitrary” (Omi and Winant, 1994). According to the above definition, race was initially viewed as ‘natural’ however it developed into a more sophisticated social scientific approach to race (socially constructed). The concept of race has three main theoretical tendencies which facilitate its social construction. • Ethnicity-based: race was seen as a culturally grounded framework of collective identity. • Class-based: race was understood in terms of group-based stratification and economic competition • Nation-based: race is perceived in geopolitical terms largely given by the decolonization process that was dominant in the post war era. Definition of racism Racism is defined as “the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to other races.” It can also be defined as “the discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race.” (Princeton.edu). Based on this definition it means that “Groups of people are differentiated by physical characteristics and are generally distinguished on the basis of cultural norms and patterns to which they adhere. Such a

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