Durkheim sees anomie as responsible for the world’s disorder of economics- the lack of morality and regulation resulted in overpowering the weak; thus, he feels that only norms can prevent the abuse of power and calls for regulation and equal opportunity from birth- the greater the equal opportunity the less need for restraint. Marx looked at how capitalism separated humanity by making work a simple means of individual existence. In addition he describes society in terms of class and economic conflicts. Marx saw proletariat or people of a working class as being underneath the bourgeoisie or the capitalist of a modern society. Marx looked at how alienation of production of commodities by workers also leads to alienation of social life.
Society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile camps, into two great classes directly facing each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat” (Marx and Engels 1848). Social class, therefore, is based upon economic criteria and conflict occurs between those who own the means of production (bourgeoisie) and the wage-labourers (proletariat). As well as having economic control over the proletariat, the bourgeoisie also have the power to determine the superstructure; the ruling class can distort perceptions of the world and hide the true nature of social relationships and the exploitation of the proletariat and, above all, promote bourgeoisie interests. Marx defines production as workers selling their labour for wages in order to exchange money for commodities that will meet their most basic needs. As Marx
The class struggle’s which Marx refers to above is that of the Bourgeoisie, who own the means of production and the proletariat, who sell their labour. Marx believed that the two classes are based on a contradiction, this ascends from the fact that the workers who make the commodities do not get the profit that is made. Instead the profit goes to the Bourgeoisie, over time
Although the North and South labor forces didn’t see eye to eye, they did help to establish ways to limit those in the corporate world in ways that surprised and scared the capitalists. The capitalists wanted to halt all efforts of the “Progressive Era”, p. 6. Therefore, they established limitations on the victories of the alliance of the farmers and laborers. The economics of farming became connected to and dependent upon the farming areas that were a part of the international trading community. The weaknesses of the farmer-laborer alliance made overcoming the Capitalist efforts almost unattainable.
This shows a lack of compassion by Birling, as he only cares about his wealth and status, and the profits he can gain from his factories. He refers to the working class as "these people" and clearly shows contempt for them. Also, the use of "these people" shows as Birling seeing himself as very superior and separate, and also doesn't want to do anything to build a supportive working community within the factory. People are seen as machines and are expendable to Birling, rather than individual people who have their own dreams and thoughts. In response, Priestley uses satire when the Inspector responds by saying: "After all, it's better to ask for the Earth than to take it."
When looking at the strike from the Functionalist/Order point of view the miner’s decision to strike would be seen as counterproductive to social stability and growth. The miners have a place in the world and as well as Duke Power. The fact that the miners are at the bottom, so to speak, and the owners at the top is of no importance. Each is necessary to social stability and both have a part to play. There must be someone to work and someone to pay those workers.
I shall asses points for and against this argument and conclude. Karl Marx (a Marxist sociologist) believes that the education system preforms two main functions in a capitalist society. Firstly, Marx believes the education system reproduces the inequalities and social relations of production of capitalist society. In contrast, the government claim that the education system provides equality and education to all which surely would not serve to maintain a capitalist society. Marx’s first point suggests that education surely does not provide equality, this is for reasons being that education is a meritocratic institution that only benefits the student which conform with the desired qualities, such as doing as they are told and being high academic achievers.
Chapter5. Explain why unions are formed. * Work and Job Conditions Explanation * Alienation Theory—the influence of machinery * Loss of personal contact with labor and products produced * Loss of personal involvement in the work * Pace of work estranging workers from each other * Scarcity Consciousness Theory—jobs are difficult to obtain and retain * Employees believe unions protect jobs by: * Negotiating work rules and apprenticeship programs. * Bargaining seniority and layoff provisions. * Agreeing to grievance procedures.
Third, would you agree to what William Sumner said that it was not the role of the government to improve the conditions of the working classes, the claim of some writers that employers treated workers as a mere commodity, Sumner also asserted, was “ludicrous” in the “cold light of reason?” After some reading all the sources I can say that conditions got worse then were fixed later, some workers did not like their jobs, and I do not agree with Sumner’s argument. In researching the first question, “do the working conditions appear to be approving or getting worse?” After looking through the sources it looks like the conditions get worse at first then when the government finally stepped in they are
(Patch, 4). The conditions in the factories in general are not are not the best. As an example, the Modern Times of Charlie Chaplin shows as a generality the conditions in the factory. Indeed, it is important to say that the purpose of a factory is to increase the production, but a constant work is negative for all human beings. As a result, it is possible to interpret the industrialization like another form of slavery because it is a nuisance to the worker’s freedom.