Sociology of Population Soc204-5 Essay

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CODE FOR MODULE: SOC204-5 TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE ➢ QUESTION 1 3 ➢ QUESTION 2 3 &4 ➢ QUESTION 3.1 4 ➢ QUESTION 3.2 4 & 5 ➢ QUESTION 4 5 & 6 ➢ QUESTION 5.1 6 ➢ QUESTION 5.2 6 & 7 ➢ QUESTION 5.3 7 & 8 ➢ QUESTION 5.4 8 & 9 ➢ QUESTION 6.1 9 ➢ QUESTION 6.2 9 ➢ QUESTION 6.3 10 ➢ QUESTION 7.1 11 ➢ QUESTION 7.2 11 ➢ QUESTION 7.3 12 ➢ QUESTION 8 12, 13 & 14 ➢ LIST OF SOURCES 15 QUESTION 1 According to the demographic data given, the South African population in 2004 was 46,9 million of which 34% of the population was younger than 15 years of age and 4% were 65yrs and older. Therefore more than half the population was between the ages of 15 and 65 years. The population is projected to decline by 2025 to 44.6 million. QUESTION 2 The population’s age-sex structure is an important characteristic because it affects the ways in which society is organized and functions. People are assigned certain social roles according to their age and sex, and therefore changes that occur in the age and sex structure of a society tend to influence how people behave in that society and what is expected of them. “ Population processes not only produce the age and sex structure but are, in turn, affected by it” (Weeks 2005: 320). The demographic, social and economic aspects of a society vary according to the age-sex structure. For example on the economic front if the population has a high percentage of young adults it will have more people in the labour force and have higher wealth in the country than a population with a high percentage of children under the age of 15 years. From a demographic perspective the age-sex structure of a population affects how many

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