Sociology Essay

367 WordsMar 24, 20142 Pages
Explain what is meant by ‘gender socialization’ (2 marks) Gender socialisation is the way in which males and females are taught to behave differently in a particular society Suggest three external factors for improvement in girls’ educational achievements (6 marks) • the impact of feminism • Equal opportunities policies in education. • Jobs with a predominant female workforce require degree level qualifications, such as nursing and teaching. This provides incentives for girls to continue in education • Changes in the family: e.g. more divorce has given girls a greater incentive to gain useful qualifications, as they cannot now expect to be full-time housewives permanently provided for by their husbands. • Changes in the labour market: e.g. greater numbers of women working and opportunities for promotion have given girls the incentive to achieve qualifications with which to pursue a career. Outline some of the factors that may lead to educational underachievement in some ethnic groups (12 marks) • Teachers segregate students by their ethnic group • Labelling, self-fulfilling prophecy • A high proportion of afro Caribbean boys are raised in a matrifocal family, they therefore lack a male role model. This makes them more vulnerable to peer pressure. • parental encouragement/attitudes to education; • cultural capital/parental knowledge of education; • Language/speech codes: middle class use the same elaborated code as teachers, textbooks, and exam papers etc. So are better equipped for success than working class students who only have the restricted code. • Cultural capital/parental knowledge of education: middle class parents, being better educated themselves, have better knowledge/skills with which to negotiate the system/choose more effectively. • Present- vs future-time orientation: middle class are future-oriented, so more likely to see education

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