Sociology Chapter Summaries

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Sarita Brown Chapter 1 Sociology explores and analyzes the ultimate issues of our personal lives, of society and the world. It's the science dealing with social forces that shape our lives, interests, and personalities. Sociologist dig deeper into the social life and the principles to explain human behavior as a whole. It also helps us to understand why we behave as we do. This is a necessary understanding because it brings about social change. The goal of the book is to introduce us (students) to the sociological ways of perceiving and interpreting the social world. People are social beings. We are products of our social environments. Even though we are puppets, we are also puppeteers. There are 4 important implications that groups are human-made. 1) social forms that are created have a certain momentum of their own that defies change. 2)social organizations, because they are created and sustained by people, are imperfect. 3) through collective action, individuals are capable of changing the structure of society and even the course of history.4) individuals are not passive.…show more content…
New intellectuals believed that human beings could solve their social problems. Their were 4 key theorists that laid the foundation for contemporary sociological thought. Auguste Comte, the founder of sociology. He wanted to establish sociology as a science, free of religious arguments. He was convinced that using scientific principles, sociologists could solve problems such as poverty, crime and war. Emile Durkheim paid a lot of emphasizes on social facts and social integration. Karl Marx devoted his life to analyzing and criticizing the society he observed. He was also interested in how capitalism shaped society. Max Weber, showed that the basic structure of society comes from the political, economic, cultural spheres. He also showed how ideology shapes the
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