Sociology Essay

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The term Sociology is defined as the scientific study of human social life, groups and society. Because human social life is so expansive, sociology has many sub-sections of study, ranging from the analysis of conversations to the development of theories to try to understand how the entire world works. Having defined Sociology, we can now break it down by looking at its component parts. Firstly, the inclusion of the phrase scientific study in the definition means that sociology is a science just like the other natural sciences. Sociology often cannot make precise predictions! In response, one might argue that just because the subject matter of sociology is more difficult to study than the subjects pursued in other sciences, it does not mean that the scientific method is inappropriate for the social sciences. The subject matter of sociology experiences continuous change. This fact alone renders efforts at prediction difficult. Generally, social scientists ground the procedure in a body of existing literature. This is precisely how other sciences function! In sociology therefore, everything that we know is based on verified evidence that is, it has been tested and proved. This is so because sociology uses the same rigorous methods employed by natural sciences to understand the physical world which are the same methods used by social scientists to understand the social world. This means that sociological investigations should be based on verified evidence drawn from experiments, observations and comparisons. This qualifies sociology to be a positive science! Something Comte called positivism. Sociology, then, is an attempt to understand the social world by situating social events in their corresponding environment (i.e., social structure, culture, history) and trying to understand social phenomena by collecting and analyzing empirical data. The definition also

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