Sociology Essay

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Rape Law In India “A rapist not only causes physical injuries but indelibly leaves a scar on the most cherished possession of a woman i.e. her dignity, chastity, honour and reputation." Rape is one of the most heinous of all crimes against women. It destroys the entire psychology of a woman and pushes her into a deep emotional crisis. It is a crime against basic human rights one is entitled to and a clear violation of the Right to Life enshrined in Article 21 of our Constitution. To truly understand and analyse the laws relating to rape and other sexual offences, identify the glaring loopholes if any and deliberate on desired changes in the law, we need to treat Rape as a crime against the entire society and not solely against the women victims. Women, regardless of their age and social status form an integral part of society and protecting them from sexual humiliation and degradation is the responsibility of society and the legal system within which it operates. The Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860) was enacted in the year 1860 but the provision relating to Rape embodied in Section 375 and 376 has remained substantially similar since the enactment. Landmark cases such as the Mathura Rape Case and the resulting Public campaign against the Supreme court judgment in the case have led to a vibrant Women’s movement thereby mounting pressure on the Union Government to take stock of the existing provisions of the Code pertaining to Rape and make necessary amendments. Recommendations contained in voluminous Law commission Reports and Bills tabled in the Parliament have reviewed the position of law on the subject and suggested necessary changes for the law to keep pace with the demands of contemporary society. However, on a closer examination, it is rather dismal to note that most of the Recommendations and enactments remained mere paper tigers and ornamental

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