Sociology Essay

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STEPHEN STATUSUSA Kappa Delta Original Articles XXX ©2007 0038-0245 ADAIR Sociological SOIN AlphaInquiry Malden, AND SOLIDARITY Blackwell Publishing Inc Status and Solidarity: A Reformulation of Early Durkheimian Theory* Stephen Adair, Central Connecticut State University Previous scholars have charged that Durkheim provides an inadequate theory of inequality, that the concept of organic solidarity is not well supported, and that egoistic and anomic suicide cannot be adequately distinguished. Although these problems appear distinct, they each arise because Durkheim naturalized inequality and ignored social status. Introducing a concept of status permits a reconceptualization of the types of suicide and creates new analytic connections between The Division of Labor and Suicide. Social solidarity and status hierarchies are presented as variations in the relationship between social integration and social regulation. The interplay between status and solidarity influences the expression of social practice, power, belief, and justice. A few central problems have been repeatedly identified in Durkheim’s work. Previous critics have charged that Durkheim provides an inadequate theory of social inequalities (Bottomore 1981; Lehmann 1995; Lockwood 1992; Zeitlin 2001), that The Division of Labor in Society fails to demonstrate its central thesis that organic solidarity provides a stronger basis for social integration than mechanical solidarity (Nisbet 1966; Pope and Johnson 1983; Rueschemeyer 1982), and that the concepts of egoism and anomie (and egoistic and anomic suicide) cannot be distinguished from one another (Pescosolido 1994; Pescosolido and Georgianna 1989; Pope 1976). Although these problems seem distinct, they all can be resolved simultaneously with a single conceptual reformulation that introduces a concept of status into his early theory. Durkheim

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