Sociology Essay

931 WordsNov 10, 20094 Pages
Global Stratification Global stratification is an uneven distribution of privileges, opportunities, power, prestige and influence among individuals and groups. The richest 20 percent of the global population receives about 80 percent of the world income. Such numbers are devastatingly unequal. There are one hundred ninety-two counties. Those countries are divided into one of three categories. There are fifty-five high-income countries. These are the richest nations with the highest overall standards of living. There are seventy-five middle-income countries. They are not as rich as their high-income counterparts. Rather, they are countries with an average standard of living. The third and final category consists of the low-income countries. There are sixty-two of this type. They are nations with a low standard of living. Most of the people who live in these sixty-two nations are poor (Mol 215). So, how did these countries earn their income? The high-income countries are nations in which the Industrial Revolution first took place more than two hundred years prior. Because of this, productivity was increased immensely. These nations include United States, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, much of Europe, South Africa, Chile, Japan, China, and New Zealand, in addition to several others. The average income per person each year ranges from $10,000 to $37,000. People in these nations receive seventy-nine percent of the world’s income. Middle-income countries have an annual income ranging from $2,500 to $10,000.About eighty nations fall into the middle-income category. Low-income countries are countries where most of the citizens are quite poor. These societies are mostly agrarian. In these areas, population density is very high. Because they have limited industrial technology, people in these countries cannot be very productive for which reason many endure poverty. They

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