Sociological Theory Essay

397 WordsFeb 2, 20142 Pages
ocioloTHEORY REVISION NOTES Formal Education; Delivered by agencies specifically designed for teaching and learning. Informal education; Delivered by all of the agencies and institutions which, although not explicitly existing to encourage learning, play an important role in educating. For example, the News. Official Curriculum; Taught within schools according to the stated aims of the education system. Hidden Curriculum; All of the unofficial learning which occurs within schools e.g. the way in which classroom interactionism transmits the norms of obedience or authority. Features of the hidden curriculum; School rules, detentions (promote obedience and authority), competitions in lessons and sport (promotes social Darwinism, self-reliance and individuality), Meeting deadlines (Punctuality), Grading by ability and exam success (difference in pay/status are divided by the quality of qualifications). Functionalist perspectives: Parsons- He saw education as the main source of secondary socialisation, acting as a bridge between the family and wider society. Parsons believed that in society, status is achieved according to merit…MERITOCRACY. Durkheim- He saw a major role of education as being the transmission of society’s norms and values. Durkheim believed that society must have SOCIAL SOLIDARITY. He thought America promoted social solidarity the best as it had a common education system for all and they had a shared sense of history. Durkheim stated that in complex industrial societies, school serves a purpose which cannot be replicated by either the family or the peer group, membership of the family is based on kinship and the peer group on personal choice. Society as a whole is based on neither of these principles. Individuals must learn to cooperate with those who are neither kin nor friends. Davis and Moore- They saw education as a means of ROLE

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