These theories are different and will help identify education and help understand education better. The three theories are Functionalism, Conflict, and Interactionism. These theories play a vital role in understanding education and why it is important. Functionalism The functionalism theory focuses more one the way that education serves society’s needs. The first thing the functionalists do is see education in its manifest role and believe that education conveys knowledge and skills to the next generation.
One way is that schools build on the primary socialisation provided by the family, developing value consensus. This shows that education is positive for society because it is allowing children to have a greater knowledge and understanding of these values which their parents have taught them. Education prepares people for their adult roles in a few different ways. For example, schools focus on individual achievement. Young people are encouraged to achieve as individuals.
Functionalists attempt to provide complete theory of a society. they first look at society as a whole and then work down to individual parts. the functionalist view on education tends to focus on the positive contributions made. One functionalist perspective of education is that of Durkheim, 1903. Durkheim, the founder of functionalism, a structuralist macro approach states that 'education prepares you for society'.
Some think it as promoting value consensus and some see otherwise. Functionalists believe that education transmits society's norms and values and therefore promotes value consensus, with the educational and economic system working hand in hand to develop the skills required for the world of work. Emile Durkheim provides the basic framework of the functionalists view on the education system, agreeing with its function of transmitting norms and values. He believed that for society to operate effectively they have to develop a sense of belonging to something, becoming 'social beings' with a loyalty and commitment to society as a whole. The education system creates this effectively by teaching subjects such as history, which enables children to see the link between themselves and wider society.
For example they look at what education does for society as a whole not just certain people in society. Functionalists also believe that society is based on consensus, i.e. we are all socialised to agree on norms and values. Functionalists believe that each part of society has a function to make sure that society runs smoothly and everything stays in harmony. For example education has a function to make sure people are educated and conform to works place norms.
As stated in Giddens, sociologists who support this theory see individuals as not created by society but as the creators of society. Both the functional and conflict perspective, study society on a macro level. Unlike the micro study of society that looks to the individual, structural theory instead looks to society as a whole. Supporters of this theory view society as the creator of the individual, it is believed that the rules norms and values of society influence and govern the individuals. This essay will look at that two structural theories of functionalism and Marxists, it will compare and contrast both perspectives and identify similarities and differences in their views of on education family, as well as highlighting the strengths and a weaknesses in both perspectives.
I hope that while reading my philosophy I could transmit a better understanding of the importance of educators in this world. Through education, students learn different abilities or talents that are vital to obtain a successful life. With an education, students should be able to encourage solving problems, not just the ones at school but also the ones outside such as at home or work. When students receive an excellent education, they become more flexible and they put in practice what they have learned in school. I believe that as a teacher, our role is to provide the students the best education so they can be someone in the future, people with values, responsibilities and capability to form a better society.
Social Theory and the Education process Assignment: outline the main theoretical perspectives on education and evaluate their usefulness when analysing current issues Education plays an important part in everyone’s success in life. It provides children with teaching skills that prepare them mentally, physically and socially for the outside world of society. Education is vital to the needs of the modern industrial society, it teaches children from a young age discipline, respect, morals and values and prepares them for work and to help integrate them into society. There has been a lot of ideas and theories of how education should work. The three most common sociology groups are functionalist, Marxist and Interactionist.
Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce the existing class structure. Before we look at the Marxist view of education we have to know the definition of education and Marxism. A definition of education is that it is the act or process of imparting or acquiring particular knowledge or skills, as for a profession. It prefers you for the future life. Marxism is a structuarlist ideology which means that they paying attention to social institutions and structures over individuals, and it was Karl Marxs (1945) who came up with it.
Benefits or importance of education Have you ever thought how beneficial education is? Well , Education is the form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next. It is as important as the air we breathe. It is the most important possession a person must have. Education is beneficial in many aspect of life especially, personal and social it is the only possession that cannot be taken away from you.