Health systems are constituted, on the one hand, by a system of care with the aim is to correct health problems, prevent their appearance and conceal their consequences. On the other hand, they are formed by a system whose goal it is to promote the health of populations. The quality of healthcare services may mean different things to different people. Administrators may focus on the
This essay will be looking at what is meant by the term social model of health and I will be describing the differences when it is compared to the medical model of health. The social model of health is a view that health is multidimensional with social factors, such as class, gender and ethnicity, influencing and patterning health and illness. The medical model of health is a specific way of thinking about and explaining disease based on biological factors One of the recognized explanations of health is established by the World Health Organisation (WHO 1946). WHO defined health as state of complete physical, mental, spiritual and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. (WHO, 1946).
Behavior includes people’s actions and mannerisms. Behavior in health is based on how people approach health and the lifestyles they develop, which are based on societal influences and attitudes. The Committee on Health and Behavior viewed behavior through a scientific lens. According to the committee, “biobehavioral sciences are used…to refer to the panoply of basic, applied, and clinical sciences that contribute to an understanding of behavior” (Committee on Health and Behavior, 2001, p. 20). These sciences help to explain people’s behavior towards health and how social influences and personal attitudes influence behavior.
This paper will address the foundational frameworks of QI, the various stakeholders’ definition of quality, the various roles of clinicians and patients in QI. This paper will also address why quality management is needed in health care industry, accrediting and regulatory organizations involved in QI. The Foundational Frameworks of QI The foundational framework of QI is a continuous process that focuses on multiple relationships such as implementing improvements and improvements in processes. Some areas that organizations may concentrate their improvement efforts on are the reduction of medication errors, reduction of emergency room wait times or clinical measures such as breast cancer screenings or HIV testing. Walter Shewhart developed the Plan, Do, Study Act cycle used as the basis for planning and direction performance improvement efforts (Ransom, Joshi, Nash, & Ransom, 2008).
A) Description of the model Structural Components Concepts. The concepts of the Circle of Caring Model are based on both traditional medical model concepts (Figure 2) include “a subjective and objective database”, “a labeling of the patient problem/response”, “a therapeutic plan”, and “an evaluation of the outcome”, as well as the traditional nursing model concepts (Figure 3) namely, “assessment”, “planning”, “intervention”, and “evaluation” with a feedback loop (Dunphy & Winland-Brown, 2006). Because the Circle of Caring Model is a
UHN tackle such issues as: 1. economic and social marginalization of inhabitants 2. disparate access and use of healthcare systems 3. higher mortality rates from an array of acute and chronic diseases 4. Higher rate of morbidity from preventable diseases (Schim, Benkert, Bell, Walker, & Danford, 2007; pg. 74) Based on these issues UHN deems it necessary to incorporate social justice into the traditional nursing metaparadigm. Social justice in an aspect that is currently not in the profession of nursing. Social justice envisions a society that is equal in all matters to create physical and psychological safety.
The Influence of The Structural Factor of Socio-Economic class on Health “Social class or socioeconomic status is the strongest predictor of health, disease causation and longevity in medical sociology” (Giddens & Sutton 2009 pg 407). This essay aims to explore the influence of the structural factor of socio economic class on health. It will begin with the previously used model known as The Registrar Generals Classification System (Giddens 2009) and then today’s current model known as The Socioeconomic Classification System (Giddens 2009). It will discuss how social class shapes our lives as well as our, environment, educational needs, living and working conditions which all contribute to health (Graham 2007). It will touch on sociological theories and key reports such as The Black Report (1980), The Health Divide (1987), The Acheson Report (1998) and The Marmot Report (2010) these will explain the impact of what does influence health and why.
Any type of physician’s office would greatly benefit from health information systems. Most providers lack the information systems necessary to coordinate a patient’s care with other providers, share needed information, monitor compliance with prevention and disease-management guidelines, and measure and improve performance. (www.rand.org) A well-functioning health information system is one that ensures the production, analysis, dissemination and use of reliable and timely information on health determinants, health system performance and health status. The ultimate goal is to produce quality and timely information for evidenced-based decisions and interventions. This means strengthening the human resources, integration of potential data sources as well as use of the data within the country.
Since it’s inception over 30 years ago, health psychology has influenced numerous practical applications relating to health behaviours within many areas of healthcare. Nonetheless, the future of health psychology appears to lie in tackling these inequalities with the assistance of social and economic developments (Brannon et al., 2013). Furthermore, a greater emphasis within health psychology must be placed on the need to act as advocates and agents of social change on behalf of the most vulnerable in society (Nutbeam, 2004; Watt, 2007). An interdisciplinary approach appears to be the best way to effectively close the health gap and eliminate health inequalities (Abrams, 2006; Satcher, 2010). As such, one possible future
For example, in a war-torn country, an individual may define their wellbeing by their physical health as surrounding them is disease and injury. This perception illustrates that health is influenced by the context an individual is in, meaning that their individual efforts are not the only factors determining their health status. Converse to the external agencies, the individual does have a lot of influence on