Sociological Issues and Concepts Essay

747 Words3 Pages
Sociology Paper 2 (Theory and Methods) Key Concepts Social Action Theory The social action theory was founded by Max Weber. There are two main types of sociological theories; the first is the structural or macro theory while the other is social action, interpretive or micro perspectives. At the two ends of the argument as to which is a better theory are Durkheim, the founding father of functionalism, and Weber, the mastermind behind social action theory. Belief: Both sociologists and philosophers have made a comparison between science and religion as belief systems. A belief system is a set of beliefs and ideas, which help people to make sense of and interpret the world. A community of experts who claim a special insight into the truth also supports such systems. Capitalism: Capitalism is an economic system that emerged in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries and was discussed quite a bit by sociologist Karl Marx. From a Marxist perspective, capitalism is organized around the concept of capital (the ownership and control of the means of production by those who employ workers to produce goods and services in exchange for wages). The key to capitalism as a social system is a set of three relationships among 1. Workers, 2. The means of production (factories, machines, tools), and 3. Those who own or control the means of production. Case Study: A case study is a research method that relies on a single case rather than a population or sample. When researchers focus on a single case, they can make detailed observations over a long period of time, something that cannot be done with large samples without costing a lot of money. Case studies are also useful in the early stages of research when the goal is to explore ideas, test and perfect measurement instruments, and to prepare for a larger study. Causation: Causation is a belief that events

More about Sociological Issues and Concepts Essay

Open Document