Socio and Anthro Essay

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SOCIOLOGY ANTHROPOLOGY Definition * It is the study of societies * It is a social science that uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis | * It is the study of humans * It is the study of human beings and their ancestors through time and space and in relation to physical character, environmental and social relations, and culture | Pioneers: * Auguste Comte * Herbert Spencer * Karl Marx * Emile Durkheim * Max Weber | * Franz Boas * Margaret Mead * Ruth Benedict * Claude Levi-Strauss * Eric Wolf | Short Hsitory: * The term ("sociologie") was first coined by the French essayist Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès (1748–1836) * From the Latin: socius, "companion" * The suffix -ology, "the study of", from Greek lógos, "knowledge" * It emerged in the early 19th century in response to the challenges of modernity. * In 1838, the French-thinker Auguste Comte ultimately gave sociology the definition that it holds today. * Comte had earlier expressed his work as "social physics", but that term had been appropriated by others most notably a Belgian statistician, Adolphe Quetelet (1796–1874). | * Founded in 1902, the American Anthropological Association (AAA) is the world's largest organization of individuals interested in anthropology * Although there were several other American anthropological societies in existence at the turn of the 20th century * this new, national organization was formed "to promote the science of anthropology, to stimulate and coordinate the efforts of American anthropologists * At its incorporation, the Association also assumed responsibility for the American Anthropologist, which was originally begun in 1888 by the Anthropological Society of Washington (ASW). * By

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