Though it was written 500 years after the war supposedly occurred, historians still use the Iliad as a source to which they base their findings on due to it being the one of the only and most substantial record of the war found. There are tablets and small artefacts that mention small aspects of the war, such as the wealth of the Mycenae people which Schliemann claimed he found evidence of in a Mycenae tomb containing gold and that Homer’s Iliad supported. Most historians believe that Homer’s Iliad cannot be used as historical evidence of the Trojan War as the language and style it was written in
Homer and the Trojan War Homer’s epic poem detailing the events of the Trojan War is renowned throughout the world. Homer most likely wrote the Iliad in the eighth or ninth century, B.C., several hundred years after the war is supposed to have taken place. Much of it is no doubt more fiction than fact. There is, for example, no evidence that the great warrior Achilles or even the beautiful queen Helen existed. However, most scholars agree that Troy itself was no imaginary city.
No individual source of power had ever dominated Greece and come to centralize it. There were two city states, Athens and Sparta, that had dominated greater power in Greece, but both places did not have the same source of power, mainly because their locations had limited them to dominate complete supremacy. Athens had access to the seas and therefore had dominated sea fare with the strongest military fleet while Sparta had become the dominant military land-power, since they had been a militaristic society. Other than geographical power, political power also differentiated between the polis. Each had a very strong sense of individualism, and even when they had bonded for a short period of time, such as during the Persian invasion, they had quickly divided once again.
Preserving artifacts is great for Greeks economy because it attracts millions of tourists each year and makes thousands of jobs. Greece attracts so many tourists every year because of their techniques to conserve their ancient monuments and artifacts and the acropolis in Athens has even been described by UNESCO as “the greatest architectural and artistic complex bequeathed by Greek antiquity to the world”. Sculptures from ancient Greece is also something that is world-wide known and admired until today. Artists that study sculptures and ancient art will always search for Greece as a primary resource of arts and ancient history. The Greek economy may not be doing so well nowadays but even tough they lack money in various areas they never let their cultural artifacts in a bad state.
Roman art was now being created in the Greek style and the Romans were now started to adopt Greek mythology. They wanted a heroic past that linked with the heroic Greek past. An example of this is the 'Foundation of Rome' myth, having Romulus and Remus be the descendants of Aeneas, who was a survivor from Troy. Roman colonies
Although Spartan women were not active in the military, they were educated and enjoyed more status and freedom than other Greek women. Because Spartan men were professional soldiers, all manual labor was done by a slave class, the Helots. Despite their military prowess, the Spartans’ dominance was short-lived: In 371 B.C., they were defeated by Thebes at the Battle of Leuctra, and their empire went into a long period of decline. The Spartan Military Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture. Male Spartan citizens were allowed only one occupation: solider.
One of Benjamin Franklin’s favorite childhood books was Plutarch’s “Lives”, which he plucked from his own father’s library (Franklin, 11). “He is ill clothed, who is bare of virtue,” wrote Franklin in his Poor Richard’s Almanack (194) - but in the confines of a group of people, the idea of what is virtuous can vary widely. America’s founding fathers, well-versed in the teaching of Aristotle, Cicero, Homer, and Plato, were influenced by many Greek and Roman concepts when writing the Constitution – but, these conflicting ways of thinking were distilled and shifted into something entirely different from their original sources. The Classical, Hellenistic, and Roman concepts that the Constitution was influenced by are inherently different and unique to the ancient peoples that subscribed to them. The Greeks, separated by mountainous terrain and warfare, lived in
This technology was not rediscovered until the 16th century when the writings of Ancient Rome and Greece were translated. Still, their technology was not put to use until a full century later. It was not until the end of the seventeenth century that engineers began to perfect their craft . There were several manufactures producing fire engines by this time and Richard Newsham was one of them. His engines were gaining popularity over most of the other engines which were basically copies of the Dutch Engine.
The honor of being the “father of music” was assigned to him by Plutarch, the Greek biographer who wrote Parallel Lives (46?-120 AD.) The music of the flute, which had formerly been peculiar to Phrygia was said to be “naturalized,” or normalized by him. Olympus was also a great inventor of rhythm. Three of them being Ison, where the arsis and thesis are equal, displasion, where the arsis is twice the length of the thesis, and hemiolion, where the length of the arsis is equal to 2 short syllables and the thesis is equal to 3. However, there is doubt that the last form, hemiolion, was ever actually used by him.
Retrieved August 26, 2009, from www.pubpages.unh.eda/~aeg24/pages/history Tattoos and Body Piercings 3 Tattoos and Body Piercings Tattoos and body piercings are a form of art to some, a detriment to others, and a form of expression that may take only a few hours to acquire, but hold a lifetime of regret. Tattoos originated before 3000 B.C. They were found on the mummies of Egyptian pharaohs. During those times tattoos were not known as a way of decorating one's body, they were marks that meant something that each particular person, or tribe member, had been through. It was not one nation, or culture that created the tattoo tradition; tattoos were common for a number of tribes and nations.