The lines of evidence relating to the psychology of criminal behaviors research correspond closely to the paternal and family risk factors that a criminal has experienced during their development stages in life from childhood to adulthood. The most supporting evidence of the risk factors could be found in single parent household, parental styles, parental monitoring, and the influence of the siblings. There are many other reasons as to why a person becomes a criminal, however is hard to determine the real reason that sparingly transpire and individual to commit crimes. There are more studies needed to be conducted to determine the mental status of a criminal. Is rationale to assume that parental and family risk factors played a vital part in the life of a criminal, because they are a product of their surroundings.
Abstract This paper will explore and discuss the difference in opinion regarding crime and who should be held accountable for criminal activity. The views of social responsibility and social problems will be examined, along with the perspectives that each holds to justify their belief. Theories such as Determinate Sentencing that holds the value of social responsibility in response to crime, and also the Constructionist theory that places that blame on society as to why a person commits a crime. In the end I believe that Social/Individual responsibility is the most appropriate way to approach crime. Perspectives of Social Problems and Social Responsibility Within criminology there has been multiple theories suggested to explain the numerous motives behind why crime exists in our world.
Crime can only be a social problem if it breaks rules in the social system. The human societies often have different minds to what a social problem consists of. There are many known definitions of social problems throughout different societies and worldwide. Criminology in the narrow sense is concerned with the study of the phenomenon of crime, and of the factors or circumstances which may have influence on or be associated with the criminal behaviour and the state of crime in general. The understanding of criminology is to see social problems and cause of the crimes and how they have affect on people in society.
As far as sexual offending is concerned, schools, hospitals, isolated areas are more prone to the sexual crimes. Police should cover such areas during their patrolling process. Moreover, the implementation of such technology in the crime department will only turn out to be a financial and societal disaster. For this management step, there also would need costly and intelligent infrastructure and managerial practices. In general, efforts for the geomapping of offender residences would go in vain due to crime and criminal uncertainty in any region.
As well as a negative side that can lead to social disruption. Durkheim (1982 originally 1895) believed that a certain amount of crime was necessary for any society. Durkheim argued that a collective conscience which provides the framework for people to distinguish between acceptable behaviour and unacceptable behaviour was evident in society. However, Durkheim found that there were problems in society when these boundaries become unclear; Durkheim stated that the boundaries change over time. Therefore it is functional for crime to keep the people informed on the boundaries of their society.
As OCS is social construct, different actors involved in constructing the figures to distort the reality of crime. Although OCS is not reliable, we can still learn something from it. In the following, we will discuss the reliability of OCS and explain what problems are involved during the procedure of OCS and discover the merits of OCS. Definition of social construct Social construct refers to “persons and groups interacting together in a social system form, over time, concepts or mental representations of each other's actions, and that these concepts eventually become habituated into reciprocal roles played by the actors in relation to each other” (Berger, P. L. and Luckmann, T. 1966). Since OCS relies largely on criminal law while criminal law is socially constructed by social norms from different actors, OCS is regarded as social construct.
Wealthy neighborhoods with limited security are prime target versus those that have additional security to protect the residence property. Communities that have neighborhood watches or heightened security measures in place can deter an adolescents ability to commit crime acts. If the majority of adolescents in a community possess violent behavior other children will be influenced by this negative behavior. This will also contribute to children thinking that criminal activity is a routine in their community and their life. This will also cause children to accept crime as norm and that it is acceptable to commit crimes.
Theories of Crimes Causation Joanne, Bartlett CRJS105-1201B-10 AIU Online David A. Makin February, 26 2012 Theories of Crime Causation Sociological theories and practice are used to try and prove what the reasons why criminal commit crimes are. We must first know the different Theories of Crime Causation. Social control theory this theory predicts that when social constraints on antisocial behavior are weakened or absent, delinquent behavior emerges it asks why people actually obey rules instead of breaking them it stresses the idea that most social behavior is learned by the process of social interaction. This involves the learning of techniques of committing crimes and Motives, drives, rationalizations, and attitudes favorable to the violation of law. It supports that social controls, like arrest, imprisonment, loss of income, etc.
There are so many reasons as to which juveniles can talk themselves into joining gangs. Reasons having to do with family problems or even involvement in the gangs, to friends being there, making money fast and having a sense of “security” when with his or her gang members. One of the main reasons why kids partake in gang activity is because of a neglected feeling from their family. “If young people aren’t getting positive attention from parents, joining a gang certainly provides lots of negative attention. Youth who are angry at a parent may join a gang to shock or be defiant toward the parent”.
Strain theory is as sociologic theory that tries to explain why people commit crimes. It explains the likely hood of delinquency in two parts one is the addition of strain in a persons life and the second portion is the persons coping mechanisms to combat the strain that they experience. Another large part of strain theory explains how people measure the positive and negative things that will happen whenever they commit any crime or delinquent act. We know that juveniles are involved in more crime than adults and we can also use strain theory to help explain why this is happening. Being a juvenile comes with many different strains that most adults do not have to face as well as having far less consequence in many cases is they do something wrong or make a mistake.