Animal husbandry was becoming widely used. This was just the beginning of the change, and many important players were able to create other innovations for the farm that would change the ways farms would work: The Seed Drill - Source • Jethro Tull (1674 - 1741) Jethro Tull was a key player in introducing and popularizing root vegetables. His major contributions to the Agricultural Revolution, however, were his two inventions: the seed drill and horse hoe (Gernhard). The seed drill was an innovation that allowed seeds to be easily planted deep into the earth instead of on top where the majority were washed away or otherwise lost. The machine was pulled by horses and consisted of rotating drills or runners that would plant seeds at a set depth (Seed Drill).
The Native American, also known as the American Indian, was the original inhabitants of the American land as we know it today. Prior to the coming of European explores the American Indian consisted of hundreds of different tribes and cultures throughout America. American Indians believed they were created from earth, water and stars. 10 – 90 million Native Americans inhabited America at the time of the European arrivals. The Indian man was hunter and warrior, while women took care of the children, cultivated and harvested crops, ground grains for making flour and maintained the tents.
Neolithic / Agricultural Revolution – Discovery of agriculture from experimenting with seeds -Used slash and burn technique and eventually learned about the breeding of animals. River Valley Civilizations * Mesopotamia (Tigris & Euphrates) * Sumer-Population of 100,000 * –People built temples, public buildings, defensive walls, and irrigation systems. * –By 3000 bce the cities had kings
As Professor Don H.Doyle says on the book that: “This is the story of birth and development of a rural American community, from its origins at the turn of the nineteenth century to the years that followed the Civil War. It vividly portrays the sights and sounds of the prairie, the lives of the Indians and pioneers, the relations between farming men and women, and the ways the settlers adjusted to the advent of railroads and commercial agriculture.” Faragher divided Sugar Creek: Life on the Illinois Prairie into five sections. The “Howling Wilderness” examines the dispossession of the Algonquian speaking Indians and settlement of Anglo-Americans on the frontier. “The Country of Plenty to Eat” focuses on the creation of a distinctive rural landscape in Illinois. Social relationships between men and women were discussed in “Lords of the Soil, Tenants of the Hearth” and the community life in the west and the transition to commercial agriculture were described in “All is Changed.” Faragher used the narrative of Robert Pulliam, who was born in Virginia and migrated to Illinois with his parents before settling on Sugar Creek.
Wheat, barley, sheep and goats were some of the domesticated foods and animals used to help the people farm. Small groups of settlers grew into villages, villages grew into cites, and cities eventually grow and dominate land around them. These large civilizations were known as river valley civilizations. Groom 3 After the time period of agriculture the stone- age began. In this time period many tools were made for agriculture.
SUMMARY TOPICS (1) ~TWO THEORIE~ [pic][pic] Scientist thinks that the first Americans migrated or moved from Asia. Some ancient people may have crossed a land bridge that joined Asia and North America during the last ice age. Ancient people may have crossed a land bridge that joined Asia and North America during the last ice age. The ice age was extremely Cold.A Bridge of land now called Beringia appeared where the Bering Strait is now. Scientist who told this theory believes the earliest American arrived 12,000 years ago.
These first people migrated to the North American continent around 35,000 B.C.E. During this time period, the world was experiencing a pre-historic glacial period which resulted in huge amounts of the world’s water beginning frozen over. Additionally, sea levels dropped so dramatically that areas such as the Bering Strait became grassy plains. The Bering Strait for all purposes became a land bridge that enabled humans and animals to cross over into grassy Alaska from Icy Siberia.
Native Americans How long have people lived in North America? No one knows exactly. Some Native American legends suggest that people have lived on this continent for countless generations, ever since human life began. Some scientists confirm that Native Americans were indeed the first humans to inhabit North America. They also say that humans first arrived here at least 30,000 years ago, perhaps much earlier.
Neolithic Revolution - The origin and consequences the introduction of agriculture, domestication of animals, and a more sedentary life during the later part of the Stone Age. The most important technological development ever to occur in human history was the domestication of plants (agriculture) and animals (pastoralism). The Neolithic Revolution was a turning point in history because it revolutionized agriculture! Farming lead to homes, which then lead to social classes, specialized jobs, and larger populations which started villages. There were now farmers, and people started to domesticate animals.