This is done instead of having findings that are objective. Social psychology has a high number of main ideas but some of them are: 1) how the attitudes of people, biology, social influences, and personalities shape a person’s behavior; 2) how social reality is constructed individual; 3) a person’s social intuition; and 4) how the principles of social psychology is able to be used in everyday life (Myers, 2010). Social reality is constructed with materialistic assumption which understands that a subjective interpretation of the world is separate from an objective world. However, viewing reality can only happen by looking through a lens of a person’s individual beliefs and values. Even more, social intuition is the power being having a snap judgment about a person and it also becomes dangerous after reasoned
However, they are opposed by Interpretivists who say they impose the researcher’s framework of ideas on the respondents and they claim this may influence the respondents’ view on the question being asked. A reason as to why some sociologists choose not to use questionnaires when conducting research is because of a chance of a low response rate. This may be a result of people who receive questionnaires being not bothered to complete and return it. This can be a problem as the people who do not respond having a different opinion to those who do respond, this does not provide accurate representativeness. A higher response rate can be obtained if follow-up questionnaires are sent, but this can add to the cost and time.
The personal construct theory is a critical social approach, a protest theory in reaction to psychometric and the experimental tradition (Butt, 2007). My proposal is that the personal construct theory was able to produce knowledge of individual differences in people’s lived experience that psychometric tests and scientific tradition were unable to excess. Since personal construct theory’s is a reaction to the scientific methodologies on individual differences, it is important for this study to firstly discuss cognitive social, trait theories and psychometric testing. The experimental tradition was
Contrast Sigmund Freud’s view of human nature with the view of Abraham Maslow. With which, if either, view do you agree? 4. Altruism refers to behavior that helps others but does not appear to help the person performing the behavior. Describe an example of altruistic behavior, and state how a psychodynamic psychologist might explain the behavior.
In cultural psychology the mental processes are compared with the society and the individual who has grown up in that society. Comparatively, cross-cultural psychologists systematically research behavior across cultures in different cultural situations (Shiraev & Levy, 2010). Critical Thinking Critical thinking in cross-cultural psychology is important because cross-cultural psychology is about identifying the similarities and differences in individuals and how they function in his or her culture. Critical thinking is about making realistic, valid and reasonable evidence. Critical thinking is described as maintaining an attitude that is open=minded and doubtful (Shiraev & Levy, 2010).
In this paper the subject to discuss includes two arguments in reference to the existence of true altruism, better known as the ability to help others unselfishly. The “yes” side of the argument is the views of C. Daniel Batson and his colleagues who believe people are capable of helping others with true unselfish interest. The “no” side of the argument is the views of Robert Cialdini and his colleagues who believe people often help others as self fulfillment that allows people to make themselves feel better. Summary of Arguments Social psychologist C. Daniel Batson and his colleagues propose that “people sometimes help for purely altruistic reasons” (Nier, 2010, Issue 17, Issue Summary, para. 1).
For instance; we are able to learn how stereotypes are formed, why there is racism, and also how a person’s behavior changes in different types of situations. Social psychology differs from other forms of psychology because it uses a scientific method and the empirical study of social phenomenon. General and clinical psychologies both rely on anecdotal observations and subjective interpretations. Psychologists focus on different situations and the different variables that may affect social behavior. Sociology differs from social psychology because sociology specifically looks at the different social behaviors and the surrounding influences at more of a broader view.
Sociology and the Family SOC101: Introduction to Sociology (GSP1114A) Instructor: Abstract Sociology is an area of study based on reality. Its observations and applications are founded in reality, and its theories have been derived out of various experiences of reality and now affect common perception of the same reality. The three main theories of sociology are the theories of Functionalism, Conflict Theory, and Interactionism. They give credibility to a different understanding of and toward the different sociological institutions that are in place. By understanding the concepts of the each theories a person can see how they can affect the social institution, such as the family, differently and can present a more much better understanding of the concepts as they apply to reality.
Social psychologist observe human behavior and significance of influence by outside sources such as people, society, environment, and culture. Social psychologist focus on facts that underline human behavior in social settings and how individuals’ conduct him or herself under various conditions, thus, leading to behavior, actions, and feelings. According to Mcleod (2007), “Topics examined in social psychology include: the self-concept, social cognition, attribution theory, social influence, group processes, prejudice and discrimination, interpersonal processes, aggression, attitudes and stereotypes” (para. 3). Social Psychology
Social Distance The technical term for this social distance is objectivity - the ability to remain detached, aloof or personally separate from the people you are researching. There are a couple of important dimensions to objectivity (namely, personal and methodological) but for the moment we can consider it as involving the ability to avoid: The intrusion of our personal beliefs (or values) into the research process. Influencing the way respondents reply to our questions or behaviour. Subjective Sociology This, in some ways, is similar to the aim in an unfocused interview. However, a new dimension is added to the research process by the ability to "see for yourself" the behaviour that people describe in an interview or questionnaire.