Social Organized Crime Perspective

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Social Organized Crime Perspective CJA/384 March 26, 2012 Timothy Walsh Abstract Organized crime is on the rise and is almost unrecognizable, a fact that has made crime become as a social institution. This paper will concentrate on organized crime as a social institution and the empirical and speculative theories that are applicable when applied to organized crime and criminal behavior. Social Organized Crime Perspective Organized crime is the largest and most illicit social network in the world. Today’s organized crime has done away with the hierarchical structures of the past and has embraced local networking to solve problems and exploit opportunities. A social institution is an organization that has a particular purpose or goal used to refer to the positions, the roles, or the relations among individuals in a community persuading or influencing him or her to participate in achieving an objective. For example schools are an institution in which students come together to learn, and the teachers come together to educate students. Criminal organizations may be considered a social institution because criminals come together to organize and plan criminal activities. Social institution identifies a community of social activity and not its legal boundaries (Lyman & Potter, 2007). Organized crime can be applied to social institutions in various ways. Criminal organizations generally evolve in vicinities where the organization offers a product desired by individuals in a specific geographical location. This is vital because it enables the organization to successfully produce, distribute, and consumption of product in the community (Lyman & Potter, 2007). Furthermore, some legitimate business owners in the vicinity benefit from the services of organized crime. Social ties play a significant role in organized crime. The socialization of organized crime
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