Introducing an ally who resisted the majority caused conformity levels to drop sharply (5%). The presence of an ally makes an individual feel more confident and better able to stand up to the majority. Asch also discovered that people are better able to resist pressure to conform if the decision has a moral dimension. For Asch’s participants, the costs of conforming were not particularly great given the insignificance of the task. However if the behaviour is judged as immoral such as joining others in cheating there is less evidence of conformity as the costs are perceived as greater.
It does so, by showing that the higher the employee's self-esteem the more profit is made for the company which can also show that employees are more productive. 3. Are there other possible explanations for the data in Figure 1 that would not necessarily support the idea that employees’ self-esteem affects companies’ profits? If so, explain what they are. Provide three alternative explanations.
The reward/need satisfaction theory of relationship proposed by Byrne & Clore (1970) asserts that if a relationship is seen to offer the prospect of reward (for either party), it is more likely to form – if there is little or no perceived reward, the relationship does not form. Their model is based on the behaviourist principles of operant and classical conditioning. According to the former, behaviour that results in a beneficial outcome makes repetition of this behaviour more likely, whereas if the outcome is undesirable, the behaviour is less likely to be repeated or continued. A relationship that brings perceived advantages is a case of positive reinforcement but the relationship can also be characterised by negative reinforcement if the
We are more likely to form a relationship with those people who are associated with pleasant event e.g. we are more likely to like someone when we are in a happy mood opposed to unhappy. Support for this theory comes from Griffitt and Guay, they found that higher ratings were given when the experimenter had positively evaluated the participants, thus showing the importance of positive stimuli in relationship formation. Although, the reward / need satisfaction theory doesn’t take into account cultural and gender differences in the formation of romantic relationships. Lott suggests that in many cultures are more focused on the needs of others rather than receiving reinforcement.
How Social Media Affect Us Introduction The social media is a way to communicate with your friends, to write and upload pictures, and it’s also a way to find out about many information and news that are going on around the world. However, how does the social media help spread information around the world and how does social media affect the people who use it? This research paper focuses on the impact and effects that the social media has on people. The impacts and effects that social media has on people are news and other information are spread faster and sooner on the social networks than other places and people are more time on the computer because of social media instead of doing homework or doing a sport or even exercising. I chose the topic of the social media for many reasons.
“HAPPINESS COMES FROM OUTSIDE AND WITHIN” Within this essay I will be attempting to explain the above statement which is attributed to Richard Layard by Spors et al (2007). Happiness can be quite difficult to quantify as it is very subjective. Spoors et al define happiness as a positive feeling covering a range of emotions from joy to contentment. Within the context of the essay title “outside” is a reference to our social identities. I will be looking at the ways in which the roles that we play, the impact of groups which we belong to and our cultural identity can impact on us positively.
An “engagement” on the other hand, is how active its Facebook audience is with Carmex. When a person who likes Carmex on Facebook posts a comment on Carmex’s Wall, likes its status, or replies to one of their posts, the engagement level increases. These two metrics measure how many Facebook users like the Carmex brand, and also how active theses
“In his article "The Two Step Flow of Communication" by Elihu Katz, he found opinion leaders to have more influence on people's opinions, actions, and behaviors than the media. Opinion leaders are seen to have more influence than the media for a number of reasons. Opinion leaders are seen as trustworthy and non-purposive. People do not feel they are being tricked into thinking a certain way about something from someone they know. However, the media can be seen as forcing a concept on the public and therefore less influential.
The researcher conducting this study believes that employees are more productive when they have higher levels of self-esteem. To what extent does the data in Figure 1 support the researcher’s belief? Explain. The above graph supports the researcher's belief, that employees are more productive when they have higher levels of self-esteem. The higher the employees self-esteem the more profit is made which makes the employees more motivated.