The second party is of patronage, it helps and individual building his way up in society. It is obvious that these powers are interconnected. An individual from the higher class will have more opportunities to access a high legal power due to relations with people from the high society. Nevertheless, someone from a lower class can build his way up in classes using his social prestige
Both the upper-uppers and the lower-uppers have a great deal of power and influence in society. Critical Thinking Questions The Davis-Moore thesis argues that social inequality is beneficial to society. I agree with this thesis because he states that there are certain people for certain jobs and that people at a more important job get more money which encourages people to work harder and be more efficient in their jobs, ultimately benefiting society. Yes, the highest prestige job rankings reflect the most
She believed instead that an individual can show a mixture of feminine and masculine traits and that a balance of these characteristics is desirable and healthy within a personality. To test her ideas, she developed the Bem Sex Role inventory (BSRI) to test her ideas by the male scale and Female scales which asked participants to score characteristics. A high score in the male scale and female scale resulted into being androgynous. After testing out her inventory Bem found that 34% of males and 27% of females were androgynous. Bem argued that such individuals are more adaptable in different situations, have higher self-esteem and a greater awareness sense of emotional well being.
In individualist cultures, individual interests are seen as more important while romantic relationships are more likely to form due to love and attraction. However in collectivist cultures, the group is seen as more important than the individual. Members of collectivist cultures are encouraged to be interdependent rather than independent. This means relationships in collectivist cultures are more likely to form due to the interests of the group compared to individualist cultures where it is based on freedom of choice. Relationships also differ in cultures in terms of norms and rules.
This means that those who can, will pay more for housing in well serviced and pleasant environments. This means that those with high incomes tend to cluster to certain spaces, which are separated from areas where those with lower incomes occupy. In theory this seems pretty simplistic, but in reality this issue is much more complex. This social divide ultimately affects many other factors, on an economic, cultural and urban scale. These impacts will be discussed in the following essay.
Durkheim suggests that the highly skilled members of society have the most important jobs therefore attaining a higher pay and more rewards. As a result of this a conflict arises that is ‘resolved’ by socialisation via; the family, media and or religion. In modern day the recession causes more stress within this institution therefore faulting the socialisation process, causing more problems and also creating disharmony. Talcott Parsons agrees with Durkheim on how the jobs are ranked in society and how the most functional jobs have the highest rewards. Parsons also believes that the family socialises these qualities in the form of norms and values.
Men are also shown as more dominant while women are more submissive. This will lead to individuals behaving in these ways in order to impress people as they look up to celebrities and try to imitate them. Research has shown that those who are more exposed to media are
Plus, if the work they are doing is up to a good standard and they are getting good grades then this will higher their confidence and overall self-esteem. Another factor that may affect the development of an individual’s self-esteem is social class, this is the place that society classes you at, and there are 3 main ones within society, lower class, middle class and higher class. Being in each one of these may have a different impact on the individual. An individual being subjected as ‘poor’ and in the lower class may have impact on their self-esteem, as they may not be able to afford resources for
Self-esteem is an individual’s awareness of him/herself and can be a means by which individuals are motivated to take action. People who view themselves in a positive light tend to exhibit better communication, connecting and dealing with others more effectively . This means that individuals with high self-esteem are likely to have higher emotional intelligence and a greater Interpersonal communication satisfaction. Thus a possible way of increasing emotional intelligence would be to deal with an individual’s low self-esteem and working ways to improve their self-image.
Gender, Attractiveness, and Competence in Hiring Situations Summary: In this study Desrumaux, De Bosscher, and Léoni (2009) examine the relationships between gender, attractiveness, and competence and how they influence perceptions of hireability, desirability, and utility for gender-typed jobs of different hierarchical statuses. They established several hypotheses: the first being that attractive applicants would be rated more highly in all areas for both managerial and non-managerial positions, than unattractive applicants (hypothesis 1). The second hypothesis is that attractiveness would increase ratings of hireability, desirability, and utility more in female-type jobs than male-typed jobs (hypothesis 2). The third states that highly competent applicants would be rated more highly than moderately competent applicants (hypothesis 3). The fourth hypothesis claims competence will have a greater effect on ratings of hireability, desirability, and utility for female-typed jobs than male-type jobs (hypothesis 4).