Social Inequalities Essay

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1. Potential links between social inequalities and the health and the wellbeing of the population Around the world, there has been a dramatic growth in social inequalities in the last few decades especially with regards to income. Rowlingson (2011) highlights that UN data shows the evidence of high level of correlation between income inequality and health problems such as mental illness, obesity, infant morality and life expectancy. He highlights that though theoretically the effect of income inequality on health seems small, it is quite big because such studies cover whole populations. Lynch, J., et al.(1998) points out at studies which concluded that income inequality in the United States in 1990 was equal to the combined loss due to diabetes, lung cancer, motor vehicle accidents, suicide, HIV infection and homicide. Researchers have explained that inequality in income becomes particularly harmful to health when it reaches a certain level. Britain was under that level from 1960 to early 80s, but unfortunately over that level in 1986-7 and the Kingdom has stayed at that level since then. The most probable explanation of this negative effect on health tends to the anxiety among people about their status (Wilkinson and Picket, 2009). Most studies have shown a very close link between social inequality and health of the population. According to Brown and Bottrill (1999), people of the working class reportedly have more time off work, visit the doctor frequently and are more probable to be chronically ill. The 1999 General Household Survey, researchers from ONS took a survey on 1200 households without work, which had at least one individual of working age. The results were that 32% of the workless households members were diagnosed with chronic illnesses, compared with just 12.5% of the ones in working households. A comparison of life expectancy of the salaried people

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