As Strayer, Gatzke, and Harbison state in their textbook The Course of Civilization states “The basic trouble was that very few inhabitants of the empire believed that the old civilization was worth saving… the overwhelming majority of the population had been systematically excluded from political responsibilities. They could not organize to protect themselves; they could not serve in the army… Their economic plight was hopeless. Most of them were serfs bound to the soil, and the small urban groups saw their cities slipping into an economic decline.”(DBQ 2, Doc 1) What these men mean is the majority of the people (which were poor serfs) were excluded from political responsibilities. In addition, they could not protect themselves or serve in the army mainly because they were too poor (in order to be in the army, the people had to be wealthy) and the urban patricians saw their city fall into an economic downfall. What also led the downfall of the Western Roman Empire were the rise of Christianity and the large size
The shortage of women also affected the society in Virginia. On the list of emigrants for Virginia, there were very few names of women; men were the majority in that colony. [Doc. C] The scarcity of women made the men feet discouraged, hopeless and even died early. Without women, they had no motive to keep going or to make a better living; therefore, Virginia was at an economic stake.
However, when decentralisation occurs, urban centres suffer many negative impacts. Urbanisation is the process of inner city functions and powers dispersing and redistributing away out of city to more sparse areas, usually on rural-urban fringe. Manchester is a particular city that has both suffered from decentralisation, but has also been somewhat successful in its attempt to tackle this issue. During the 1950’s, shops located in the city centre tended to only sell high order goods such as furniture and jewelry, attracting customers from all around and from out of the city, whereas shops selling low order goods like food were found local to individual neighbor hoods. At the start of the 1970’s, shops began to move and spread away from the CBD to areas on the outskirts of the city.
The conditions of the houses were very poor; they were mostly made out of cheap materials, were very small and packed closely together. The houses were small firstly to fit more houses into an area (creating more homes) and secondly because a small place and a house built with cheap materials was all the working class families could afford. In conclusion Australia in the 1900 was far from a ‘working man’s paradise’. This can be said because compare to today’s standards, the living and working conditions were quite poor. They received unfair pay, had horrid living and working conditions and worked longer hours compared to today.
Once all the main factors are evaluated, it becomes clear that the life of the peasants did not improve so it remained uniformly bleak throughout the period of 1855-1964. For majority of the period, the living conditions for the average peasant remained uniformly bleak. Especially when considering 1917, under Nicholas II, accommodation was often a low standard as demand outstripped supply following an influx to the cities, such poor living conditions had a detrimental effect in their quality of life which was also the same under the communist leaders, where living conditions remained in an equally bad, if not worse when compared to the Tsars. Some may suggest that Nikita Khrushchev did try to improve the living conditions by building more social housing but he was more interested in competing in the Cold War than improving the living conditions of the peasants. Therefore, lack of care led to his housing policy to be unsuccessful and proving that live of the peasants under Khrushchev did not improve.
By 1946, unemployment was reduced to 2.5% and this was in spite of huge post war problems such as shortages of raw materials and massive war debts. One way in which the government kept almost full employment was through nationalisation where the government took control of certain industries such as iron and steel production. Under this managed economy the government could use tax to keep an industry afloat even if it faced economic difficulties. This is a controversial topic as it was unclear how significant nationalisation was in creating jobs. Above all the Marshall plan was created as an initiative to provide massive loans for post war reconstruction and both the unemployment benefit and the massive rebuilding programme helped relieve idleness.
The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the differences between these two towns using population, crime rates, average house price and transport links. The most notable difference between the two towns is their population. Swindon used to be a small village, and until the mid-19th century only had a population of just over 1000. In 1841 The Great Western Railway then built an engine establishment, making Swindon in to a railway town and in turn attracting people to live there for the work prospects, and by the turn of the century Swindon was an industrial town with a population of 45,000. Swindon has continued to grow in recent years, building new housing and industrial estates, to a point now where the current population is now 157,000 (www.Swindonweb.com NDA).
Dwellings that housed workers were subdivided to accommodate many people which meant families were forced to share one room, poorly built tenements housed the poorest, these had no sewers, running water or sanitation and were damp and dirty. Due to the cramped living conditions diseases were easily spread, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, smallpox and cholera were the most dangerous. In 1832 an outbreak of Cholera reportedly killed 6536 people in London alone (Halliday (1999) pg 124). The government at
The Central African Republic has the second lowest level of human development in the world. Out of the 4.9 million people that live in CAR, 2.5 million are food insecure. No human on earth can survive without food and residents of CAR are struggling to feed their families a healthy meal. When food is available, the prices skyrocket so much that almost nobody can afford to feed their families. Subsistence farming is used in the Central African Republic to make ends meet.