Social Deviation Essay

352 Words2 Pages
Chapter 1: An introduction to sociology A. What is Sociology? 1. A dictionary defines sociology as the systematic study of society and social interaction. a. The study of companionship b. Sociologists learn about society as a whole while studying one-to-one and group interactions. 2. What Are Society and Culture? a. A society is a group of people whose members interact, reside in a definable area, and share a culture. b. A culture includes the group’s shared practices, values, and beliefs. c. There are different ways to study cultures and different information can be gathered by studying the groups in various ways. 3. The Sociological Imagination a. C. Wright Mills first defined sociological imagination b. sociological imagination as how individuals understand their own and others’ pasts in relation to history and social structure B. Studying Patterns: How Sociologists View Society 1. All sociologists are interested in the experiences of individuals and how those experiences are shaped by interactions with social groups and society as a whole a. Cultural patterns and social forces put pressure on people to select one choice over another. b. The housing market turmoil is one example of how people and their social patterns are affected by life events. c. Sociologist study the patterns and asks questions like what social factors contribute to the life events? What role does unemployment pay in these events? Might a shift in cultural status contribute to this? d. To find answers to the questions sociologists look beyond trends to find an answer and find what impact external conditions have. e. By analyzing the impact of these external conditions on individuals’ choices, sociologists can better explain why people make the decisions they do. C. Studying Part and Whole: How Sociologists View Social Structures 1. A key basis of the
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