M3. Explain why conformity and obedience are important in the public services, with reference to research studies. Conformity and obedience are forms of social influence which strongly affect our behaviour is social situations, from following fashions and unwritten social norms which organise our behaviour, to committing immoral acts because we are commanded to by someone who appears to be in a position of authority. This essay looks at the similarities and differences between the three, looking specifically at the factors that influence each two. Conformity within a group entails members changing their attitudes and beliefs in order to match those of others within the group.
Peter L. Berger argues that informal social control is more powerful than formal controls like law, police, and prisons. What makes informal social control like ridicule and gossip so powerful? Social control discusses as a set of limited values and norms that are considered acceptable within society. There are two types of social control; informal and formal. Formal social control is that which is practiced by specific social agencies which have the role of maintaining order in society such as the police force.
Public interests are emphasised by individuals. Lastly, social interests consist of such things as safety, public order, health, freedom of speech, resource conservation as well as economic and political progress. Another aspect of this is for a person to be able to live a human life in accordance to the standards set by society. Many examples exist of public interests against private interests and the inferiority of individual rights to the interests of the community. This can be exhibited through aspects
a. Task achievement - if no one knows their roles, it is hard to accomplish the team goals, for a team to be successful all members need to start out with clearly defined roles. b. Team cohesion - within the team, members generally specialise in different areas. Each individual in the team brings a range of skills, knowledge, attitudes, aptitudes, personalities and priorities to the team.
Steven E. Barkan wrote in Sociology: Comprehensive Edition (v.1.0), the foremost areas of social structure is positions, roles we have in our community, community systems, groups and associations. Barkan also states that how others perceive us is critical in identifying self .Cooley (1964) quoted in Social Identity (Dalile),coined the phrase ‘looking glass self ‘”where the self grows out of one, s image through other peoples eyes”. Durkheim (1858-1917) as quoted in Plummer (2010) believed society was above any individual and was a combined entity. As society takes on its own existence people are compelled into certain behaviours as a result, much like the behaviour of a group. According to Plummer, ‘social’ is the collaboration between humans and the analysis of this interaction is the core of sociology.
Knapp describes how "people act on the basis of their values; their actions are oriented and constrained by the values and norms of people around them; and these norms and values are the basis of social order" ( 1994:191-192). As this essay progresses, the comparison of both Parson’s and Goffman’s theory’s will be expressed in order to understand the way in which society controls the actions and goals of people in their everyday lives and how both functionalist and symbolic interactionist views can be linked to social order and norm expectations. Erving Goffman was a key micro-sociologist and symbolic interactionist who was interested in the ways in which people were influenced and affected by their surroundings
Social semioticians see all semiotic action as social action, as embedded in larger economic and cultural practices and power relations. However, what makes social semiotics distinctive is its belief that all social action is semiotic, because changes in social practices are heavily affected by changes in discursive practices and their textual renditions (van Leeuwen, 2005). Having the power to break the rules of semiotic production also means having the power to intervene and possibly change the ideological currents that
Social Justice can be said to be a tool used to challenge specific forms of inequality and unfairness and call for moral, ethical as well as political commitments to norms and values regarding how a society should be organised. (Newman and Yeates 2008, pg. 168) Social welfare is focused on the creation and maintenance of social wellbeing by giving social supports that is aimed at fighting inequalities and social harm such as discrimination and poverty by encouraging redistribution as well as social inclusion. (Newman and Yeates 2008, pg. 12).
Social policy is the actions, plans and programmes of government bodies and agencies aim to deal with a problem or achieve a goal, for example, preventing crime or reducing poverty. Social policies are sometimes influenced by the findings of sociologists, however this usually depends on the government in power and their political ideologies. There are different types of social problems that cause public concern such as crime and poverty; these usually need some sort of solution. And there are also areas of sociological interest that may have an impact on policy such as why some people are poor, commit crime, or fail in school. Sociologists carry out their research from a number of theoretical perspectives, and depending on the views they adopt they will have different ideas about the nature of social problems and know how to solve them.
By understanding the concepts of the each theories a person can see how they can affect the social institution, such as the family, differently and can present a more much better understanding of the concepts as they apply to reality. What are the Sociological theories? Functionalism, the Conflict Theory, and Interactionism comprise the three main sociological theories. These theories affect the way people think and perceive the world around them. As a result, the development, nature and understanding of different social institutions, including the family, health-care systems, religion, education, media, politics and economy, are determined or affected by these three social theories.