Explain outcome based practice, critically review approaches to outcome based practice. Analyse the effects of legislation and policy on outcome based practice and explain how outcome based practice can result in positive changes in individuals lives. Outcome based practice is a method which looks at the individual needs of a service user and help to establish what goals are set for them and how these will be met, this takes into consideration the needs and wishes of the individual. The outcome is based on the measurable impact that it has on the individual. To be able to do this there needs to be clear objectives set which must be worked towards in order to reach the desired outcome.
They suggest norms and values are flexible guidelines. We apply meanings to social behaviour and are aware of how others see that behaviour and how we should act in a given situation. ----------------------- Social action theory Phenomenology Symbolic interactionism Ethnomethodology Structuration theory Weber Blumer Meaning Goffman Cooley Mead Schutz Garfinkel Giddens Structural and action approaches are both important to fully understand human behaviour. To get a full sociological explanation involves two levels: The level of cause and the level of meaning. (E.g.
The manifest function of education is teaching basic knowledge and skills. Students are taught to read, speak various dialects; and automobile repair. The latent function of education transmits culture, promote social and political integration, maintain social control, and acts as a driving force of change. Over the years, the school restructuring movement tried to promote the fundamental transformation
This way they will be in a language they are familiar with and it would be easier for them to remember. Classroom management is at times interchangeable with discipline[ii]. Classroom management is the main idea and discipline falls underneath. Management not only involves establishing rules but also the routine of the classroom. The routine that students follow every day from the moment they walk into the door till they leave helps for them to stay on track.
These include things such as the family, education, the justice system, the mass media etc. which are all essential parts of an individual’s everyday life. Within these complex structures is the basis upon which society exists. A social institution “is an established and organized system of social behaviour with a recognized purpose” (Andersen and Taylor 2011).To thoroughly evaluate the nature of social institutions it is common to analyze two of the main perspectives; the functionalist and the conflict. The functionalists gave five functional requisites which these social institutions provide: Replacing members, socializing new members, producing and distributing goods and services, preserving order, and providing a sense of purpose (Henslin 2012a).
Participatory Action Research: Change and Social Action in the Context of Social Development Adrian Zenz, 1999 1.0 The History of PAR Action research was first introduced by Lewin (1946) as a method of acquiring information about social system while at the same time stimulating action for the change of those systems. Lewin’s purpose was to overcome the separation of research and action inherent in traditional empirical-analytic forms of research. Action research is defined as research that is bound to a particular local practice context; it aims at combining research and action for change, at encouraging participants to take action in order to improve their situation. The term PAR was introduced to distinguish action research approaches with a distinctive focus on the participation of the people in the research process. In PAR, researchers and practitioners are equal partners.
Critical Theory and Postmodernism in Organization Name Subject Institution Date Thesis Statement Both critical theory and postmodernism contributes to the development of healthy relation between technology, organization, management and employee. This discussion presents a critical inquiry into the ideological nature of Human Relations management theory and its strategies for the management of subjectivity and organizational culture. The epistemological challenges put forward by post- Modernism and critical theory highlights a very basic trajectory and underlying values of an organization. Introduction An organization is a consciously coordinated social entity with distinct boundaries which functions to achieve goals. It has an activity system linked to the external environment (cannot exit on itself).
In other words, reality is not fixed, it is socially constructed. Social construction of reality was introduced by Peter Berger and Thomas Luckmann to identify the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction. Human worlds are socially produced, changed and modified. And as one person presents himself in terms that suits his purpose and as other do the same, a complex reality emerges. People become social through the process of socialization-lifelong social experience by which individuals construct their personal biography, acquire daily interactional rules and patterns of their culture.
In today’s modern society, self image is one of the strongest factors in what makes up our culture. This theory will be shown through key topics such as Self-Knowledge, Self-Esteem and Self-Deception. To begin, we will dive into some main ideas about The Self and it’s functions. This will be a brief overview of an the analysis that we will soon challenge. The Self is not a topic that is clearly defined in black and white, and many researchers still argue about the understanding of exactly what it is.
3 THE PURPOSE OF SOCIAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT Rakolojane, Treurnicht, Mokgupi, Plaatjie, Stewart, Cornwell and Modiga (2010: 60) indicates that the purpose of SIA is to estimate the effects of a proposed action on the social organization of community and on the well-being of people over both the short and the long-term. This means SIA predicts and describe the social impact and benefits of a project so that strategies can be developed to avoid or manage negative impacts and to maximise benefits. The SIA is done in order to understand the