To label someone is to attach a meaning or definition to them. Studies show that teachers often attach labels to pupils regardless of their ability or attitude, but instead based on stereotyped assumptions about their class background, labelling working-class pupils negatively and middle-class pupils positively. Howard Becker carried out an important study on labelling and found that teachers judged pupils according to how closely they fitted an image of the ‘ideal pupil’. We can see how the process of labelling can affect pupils by looking at Aaron Cicourel and Johm Kitsuse’s study of educational councillors. The study found that the counsellor judged pupils largely on their social class; this therefore put them at a disadvantage as middle-class students were placed on higher level courses.
The government claims that education gives the Native children a better chance of success, while the real purpose of the school was to mould their behavior, believes and lifestyle in a particular way. Ideally, they would pass their adopted lifestyle onto their children and Natives will be assimilated within a few generations. However, the residential school experience was disturbing for many First Nation people. It remains painful and still affects their life. One of the major problems is that aboriginal people attending residential school often have parenting difficulties.
Payne stated that students should learn the “hidden rules” of the middle class from their educators so that they have another set of rules to use if they choose to do so. Impoverished students, compared to students of middle or upper class, often have a lack of proper funding, thus, a lack of appropriate resources to use in their education. Due to this, they are often unprepared for school, not having the money to purchase books and other educational tools. Both authors realize this, but argue that the responsibility lies on different shoulders. Payne states that impoverished students face inequality at school, insinuating that the school should be responsible for helping to provide for these students so that they can have a better education.
Streaming involves separating children into different ability groups or classes called 'streams'. Each ability group is taught separately from the other for all subjects. Howard Becker (1971) carried out a study and found that teachers judged pupils according to how closely they fitted an image of the 'ideal pupil, he found that teachers do not usually see working class children fit in that criteria, they were often labelled as non-academic and ‘difficult’ they tend to see them
Social Class and The Hidden Curriculum There are many types of schools available for students and are separated into different levels depending ones social class. In the article “Social Class and The Hidden Curriculum of Work” Jean Anyon describes to us the different classes of schools and how they operate and prepare students for the future. Anyon argues there is more to what the school teaches students than what they learn in class. She states that there is a “hidden curriculum” taught by schools which are values embedded within lessons that the school provide. When the article was written in 1980, there were four main types of schools: Working Class, Middle Class, Affluent Professional, and Executive Elite.
Class, Race, and Gender Structured Inequalities Class, race, and gender organize society as a whole and create a variety of contexts for family living through their unequal distribution of social opportunities. They are forms of stratification that foster group-based inequalities. They distribute social resources and opportunities differently. Life chances They are relational systems of power and subordination. They are interconnected systems of inequality.
Vocational Education affects Mike Rose as he is not challenged intellectually, and is being abuse emotionally, but even after facing these problems, he learns to be social and appreciates diversity. Mike’s intellectual was working below his abilities. He lost interest in learning at school or in even paying attention he says, “During my time in Voc. Ed., I developed further into a mediocre student and a somnambulant problem solver, and that affected the subjects I did have the wherewithal to handled: I detested Shakespeare; I got bored with history. My attention flitted here and there” (Rose 160).
Daniel An 12/1/14 Mr.Garfinkel Maus Vladek's Influence On page 44 of Maus II, Artie and his therapist, Pavel, talk about how Vladek was an influence in Artie's life. He was seemingly a negative influence because of him trying to show Artie that he was always right . However, in the panels, Artie has mixed emotions over Maus I because it shows a couple of different perceptions that he did not want to show . Despite Vladek being dead, he was still mentioned a lot by Artie. In these panels, Artie shows how Vladek essentially shaped Artie into what he was at that moment.
It is for the purpose of labeling peers and deciphering which children are inferior, it is the social aspect of schooling. Lastly, the propaedeutic function teaches a minimal amount of children to manage the population to that the government can continue without being challenged. Initially I was taken aback while reading Gatto’s article, particularly in regards to Inglis six functions but upon further review and digging deep into my own personal experiences with the public education system, predominantly looking at my years spent in high school I would say there are some sad realities behind theses six
English 2 07 May 2013 False Impressions In the autobiography Hunger Of Memory, written by Richard Rodriguez the book recounts his personal experience of his education starting in childhood all the way to adulthood. Although Rodriguez has had much success as a student and as a writer, he always felt misplaced among is peers. Rodriguez argues to be successful students in the classroom that they need to sever their familial and cultural ties, especially if their home lives are very different from what they experience at school. Additionally, Rodriguez claims that our standards of beauty often determine our sense of worth in society. In reading the book I found fallacies that Rodriguez had in his writings, which included