Since 1971 education cost has increased from $4,300 to more than $9,000 per student. As seen in Bianca's case, her mother cannot afford to pay for her tuition and Daisy's father is unemployed. These kids are forced into "bad education." Some students do not have any aspirations. They live in a neighborhood full of crime therefore their main focus is survival instead of learning.
Another main reason is the simple fact people are marrying later for many reasons, more because of the change in attitudes towards education and religion (seclurisation). It doesn’t help that the countrys ecnomy is in decline and the price of weddings not only was expensive enough but they are also getting dearer to match the current cost of living. From 1838 until. Nearly a quarter of children lived with only one parent (25%) last year and nine out of ten of these households were headed by
Many lower class citizens are at or below the poverty line and are have and unavoidable disadvantages and poorer chances to discover life’s possibilities. Regardless of the potential and ambition that a lower class individual could possess, he or she will not be given opportunities to succeed like a higher class individual. People who are considered lower class do not have access to many of the resources like a wealthier societies do. Based on their economic situation, they automatically start behind the eight ball. Wealthier societies have exceptional educational services which include better teachers, utilities, and curriculum, whereas poorer societies just get by on the bare minimum.
The middle classes sit down together to eat a family meal. Working-class mealtimes are earlier and often in front of the TV. Reay (1998) stated that middle-class mothers influence their children’s schooling more than working-class mothers. Working-class mums have less time to devote to their children due to the demands of paid employment. Working-class mums lacked confidence in education/school due to their own negative experiences in school.
Funding from local tax revenues and community resources to generate additional income from poor families is smaller than that of affluent neighborhoods. Second, parental participation is lower due time constraints and lack of information which is often interpreted as disinterest. Third, parents often feel powerless to create change which often influenced by the fourth factor, lack of “individual and collective efficacy” (p. 85). Educational success is further impacted by student arriving with additional needs. Unlike their affluent counterparts, students with in the Oakland system arrived to school with unprepared: academically, often lacked dental and health insurance, came to school hungry, moved frequently or were affected by domestic violence.
As item A states “there are important differences in the educational achievement of pupils from different ethnic groups” there are statistics that prove this fact, for example in the UK between 50-60% of all white students on average attain 5 or more A*-C GCSES compared to 75% of Chinese students, the figure is closer to 85% for Chinese girls, and only 40% of Bangladeshi and Pakistani students, Indian pupils on average do better than white pupils but less well than Chinese. This essay will assess sociological explanations for these ethnical differences in educational achievement. Sociologists suggest that to fully understand the reasons behind ethnic differences we must consider both external and internal factors. This essay will begin with internal factors, i.e. the factors that occur within the education system, they can be divided into four different problems, the first being labelling and teacher racism.
There are many different governmental educational policies that have been enforced over the years that have affected social class differences in educational achievement. The ongoing trend is that people from lower class backgrounds tend to underachieve compared to those from middle/higher class backgrounds. An example is the increase in higher education fees up to £9,000 a year. This increase in fees excludes people from working class backgrounds to attend university as they can’t afford to. This means working class students are disadvantaged when looking for jobs as higher paid jobs usually require qualifications at degree level, which means they are forced to look for lowly paid, usually primary or secondary sector jobs.
Why? Because low income family’s have a hard enough time supporting themselves, therefore parents are much less likely to donate to the school, volunteer for school meetings, or fund raisers, and also attracts lower performing teachers. There have been many tests and revisions in schools with firing teachers, to having new teaching models to try and improve the educational achievement of poor students, but to no
It could be argued that minorities have achieved equality since there are increasing graduation rates amongst all ethnic groups between 2001 and 2008. For example, black graduation increased from 78% to 80%, Hispanic increased from 57% to 60%. Asians remained at a constant 85%. Despite this, whites still have a higher graduation rate than blacks and Hispanics at 84%. In addition to this, blacks and Hispanics are more likely to be unemployed than whites and Asians.
Funding for schools in this country is grossly disproportionate to educational needs. Funding plays a giant role in student success rates, and most school district funding comes from the districts them selves. A poor district doesn’t have the resources a rich one would. If a child grows up in a society with an inferior education, how is that child going to contribute to his society as an adult? Chances are he wont be able to and the cycle will just continue.