Social Anxiety Disorder and Social Phobia
This research article is about treating social anxiety disorder and includes cognitive behavior as part of the treatment plan along with medications. According to S.A.S (Social Anxiety Support), cognitive behavioral therapy is the most psychological treatment for Social Phobia currently available (S.A.S (Social Anxiety Support), n.d.)
Cognitive behavioral treatment draws on a number of therapeutic strategies when addressing Social Phobia. Cognitive behavioral therapy for Social Phobia often includes many of the following components:
* Psycho education
* Cognitive Restructuring
* In Vivo Exposure
* Interoceptive Exposure
Social Skills Training (S.A.S. Social Anxiety Support n.d.)
Psycho education is among the most effective of evidence-based practices that has emerged in both clinical trials and community settings according to Lukens & McFarlane (2004.) The model of psycho education is very flexible, which incorporates both illness-specific information and tools for managing related circumstances; psycho education has broad potential for many forms of illnesses and varied life challenges (Lukens & McFarlane, 2004.)Psycho education is a professionally delivered treatment modality that integrates and synergizes psychotherapeutic and educational interventions (Lukens & McFarlane, 2004.)
Cognitive restructuring is another treatment used for those with social anxiety disorder and social phobia. Cognitive restructuring is a tool used to reverse negative thinking in a patient, and is used when a patient becomes sad, angry, anxious, or upset ("Cognitive Restructuring", n.d.).
In vivo exposure is a therapy technique in which feared situations are experienced in order to decrease anxiety. Feared situations are usually faced as part of a hierarchy from the least to most anxiety-provoking according to Cuncici, (2012.) For example, a person who has been diagnosed with social...