Social and Political Life of Michael Braychevsky According to the Deployment of the Dissident Movement in the Ussr Essay

4499 WordsMar 11, 201418 Pages
3.1. Social and Political Life of Michael Braychevsky according to the deployment of the dissident movement in the USSR. Reforming the Soviet society during the second half of the 50's - early 60 's, which became known as the "thaw" was crucial in the development of political life almost until the end of the existence of Communist Party of the Soviet Union. However, Khrushchev's reforms program did not emerge spontaneously. Emerging victorious from the bloodiest war in human history, the peoples who inhabited the Soviet Union, felt the need to change to reach some more dignified life. Similar sentiments were permeated by all society brunches [112 , p. 18]. The end of the terrorism spawned a nationwide expectation that soon gained a momentum of its own. Intellectuals, whose post-war expectations of liberalization were destroyed by “zhdanovschyna”, now timidly began to express a hope for the general weakening of the system - the "thaw" [102 , p. 340 ]. This process actually began with the Twentieth Party Congress where on the February 26, 1956 Nikita Khrushchev declared his famous speech “The Personality Cult and its Consequences”, which has become perhaps the most important event of the domestic political life in the Soviet Union during its reign. In this speech, the head of the Soviet Union openly admitted that at the heart of Soviet power was a criminal enterprise in the past, and this fact can not be denied as a bourgeois slander. Contents of the report received wide publicity at home and was published the full text of the message abroad There hadn’t been reported so shocking news from Moscow from the time of the Molotov -Ribbentrop Pact. A lot of orthodox both in the USSR and abroad were shaken in their faith [102, p. 342]. " I remember , writes Charles Aymermaher - Professor of Slavonic and current director of the Institute of Russian and Soviet culture of the

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