if the mother smokes, drinks or abuses drugs the baby could be harmed at this time or even if the maternal anxiety & stress could influence development. Infections that the mother may pick up such as rubella can create difficulties for the developing baby. A child’s development can also be influenced by when their born and during the birth. Some babies are born prematurely and this can play a part in their later development, this is one reason premature babies progress is measured according to the date they were due to be born rather than their actual birth date. External factors Poverty, this affects children and their families in a variety of ways for example, education: lack of opportunities can affect life outcomes, children from low-income families are less likely to do well academically due to the fact of potential of reduced access to quality education and the best schools as well as limited access to a variety of books, equipment plus internet.
Developing Fetus A developing fetus is affected by the choices you make and even by some things you may not be able to control. There are many factors that can affect the baby's development, both negative and positive. Smoking, including secondhand smoke, can contribute to low birth weight, preterm delivery, stillbirth and chronic health problems for the baby, including cerebral palsy, mental retardation or learning disabilities. Smoking during pregnancy has also been linked to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Smoking can cause problems during pregnancy, such as placental previa and placental abruption.
Pregnant Addicts 1 Pregnant drug addicts should be prosecuted because when using drugs while pregnant can cause birth defect, behavioral problems, and addiction. Using drugs not only harms the baby it also harms the carrier. Hundreds of babies are affected each year, because their parents chose to use while being pregnant. Birth Defects: Babies that are subjected to drugs have a higher rate of being born with a birth defect. Birth Defects enable the child to be fully developed.
Another disturbing factor would be that these babies are more likely to become smokers themselves in later years. In addition, pregnant women who smoke increase their risk of early miscarriage. In later pregnancy, smoking mothers are at increased risk of the baby’s placenta coming away from the womb before the baby is
Here are a few examples of some teratogens: Tobacco: Babies that are exposed to cigarette smoke/tobacco tend to be small and premature, have respitory problems, and sometimes show intellectual difficulties or behavioral problems later in development. Smoking restricts blood flow to the fetus, which in turn reduces the levels of growth factors, oxygen, and nutrients that reach the fetus. The risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), in which a sleeping baby suddenly stops breathing and dies, also increases as the amount of smoking increases.
Biological is inside of Margret’s womb can have a massive influence on the development of Jacqueline’s development. For example if Margret was smoking during her pregnancy this will have major effects on the foetus’s development. Nicotine can limit the amount of blood and nutrition that reaches the foetus. Also when Margret gives birth to Jacqueline, she would weigh less which means she is more able to catch infections as she is very weak. This could also affect Jacqueline later in life when she is in education because she would have diffulcilites regarding attention and leaning in school, Margret’s smoking could also affect Jacqueline’s womb in later life.
They could also have learning difficulties because of poor brain functioning. | During pregnancy - mother or poor health such as diabetes, smoking, taking drugs or alcohol, exposure to toxins or physical trauma before birth. | FAS (Foetal Alcohol Syndrome) for instance can cause mental and physical defects in a foetus by consumption of alcohol whilst pregnant. | A child might have physical defects or mental defects that might affect their mental development; it might also influence their behaviour. | Genetic Inheritance – At the time of foetal conception genetics are passed from parents, if there is a malfunction this could affect the child’s appearance.
There are thousands of chemical compounds found in the excess sidestream smoke, there are more than 50 known or suspected carcinogens* and there are a range of respiratory irritants and other toxic chemicals. Not many people realise the dangerous effects of secondhand smoking. It is harmful, especially to adolescents because they do not have fully developed lungs. Some of the Effects of Secondhand Smoking Can cause a cancer in your tissue called benzene, Releases substances that are viable to affect central nervous system in the prefrontial cortex It can cause eye and skin irritation. It can damage your respiratory system, and Asthmatics will suffer severely.
It has been the most deadliest drug for years. Importantly, there are many effects from smoking tobacco, such as cardiovascular effects which affects your heart. your blood pressure goes up which may increase chances of blood clots , and the nicotine causes blood vessels to constrict and increase chances of a heart attack or stroke. Williams 2 Tobacco also has an effect on the skin, because nicotine has constrained your blood vessels, nutrients don’t get distributed properly. Your skin loses oxygen and minerals, which can cause premature aging.
Two hundred of the chemicals are poisons and at least 69 cause cancer and other diseases (Tobacco Smoke Pollution). Smoking is especially dangerous to women during pregnancy. The chemicals and toxins go into a woman's bloodstream, her baby’s only source of oxygen and nutrients (Smoking During Pregnancy). Another danger of smoking is smoking before surgery. “Smoking before surgery puts you at a higher risk for postoperative heart attacks, blood clots, pneumonia and even death,” says general surgeon Kevin El-Hayek, MD.