Smarts Dimensions applied to Islam

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An evaluation of the way Smart’s Practical/Ritual Dimension can be applied to the religion of Islam Ninian Smart’s theory of a seven-dimensional structure is widely accepted as an excellent typography of religion. Smart states that to qualify as a true religion it must fit all seven dimensions: Practical/Ritual; Experiential/Emotional; Narrative/Myth; Doctrine/Philosophy; Ethical/Legal; Social/Institutional and Material. This essay will evaluate how the Practical/Ritual Dimension can be applied to the religion of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam is a good example of were Rituals are important to the Muslim faith. It also raises awareness of how practicality can affect Muslims in the way they follow their faith. Shaladat is the first of the five pillars of Islam and the Muslim profession of faith “There is no God but God; Muhammad is his Messenger” (la ilaha ila llah; Muhammadun rasul Allah) is repeated in a simple ritual to formally become a Muslim. This must be performed in Arabic with the left hand on the heart and the right hand held palm upwards at the right ear. There must also be a qualified witness present. This is the first ritual a Muslim will perform and the simple statement expresses total commitment to the message of Islam. The second pillar Salat is the ritual of prayer; this consists of prayers five times a day: Fajr, between dawn and sunrise; Zuhr, after mid-day; ‘Asr, between late afternoon and sunset; Maghrib between sunset and the end of daylight and ‘Isha’ night, until dawn: Before prayers take place Muslims must first perform wudu, this is the ritual washing ceremony. Running water is used to wash hands, arms, face, feet, nostrils, ears and head. Prayers must also be said in a clean place and facing in the direction of Mecca. The correct direction for prayers is the quibla and is indicated in a Mosque by a mihrab which is a niche in the

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