Smart Grid Architecture

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Web of Things Based Smart Grid Architecture to Monitor and Control Renewable Energy Sources Abstract-This paper describes a Smart Grid architecture implemented with the help of Web of Things. The goal of the Smart Grid architecture using Web of Things (WoT) is to provide the reliable power supplies to the consumers by making maximum use of renewable energy sources. The Web of Things comprise of a set of Web services provide on top of a number of Internet enabled Embedded devices. The Web browser on any computer can act as an interface to the services provided by this Web of Things. The Embedded devices are PIC16F877A, Raspberry Pi with Internet capabilities. REST API, Raspbian Operating System is used for process control on each of these embedded…show more content…
The concept and objectives of such intelligent nodes are also used in a smart home in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia[4], that has solar panels installed on the roof for local electricity generation and batteries for energy storage. The house has many electrical loads made up of light loads (lights, computers, radios etc.) and heavy loads (plasma television, fridge microwave cooker, washing machine, clothes dryer etc.). The architecture for the cyber-physical system considered in the context of a smart grid consists of three layers. Physical appliances and their sensing and control using LowPan smart plugs are included in Layer 1. The smart plugs communicate with a dual router which acts as the Gateway Layer. Application Layer enables householders to acquire relevant information from the web and visualize their power consumption in various formats on desktop or mobile devices. The smart home network is linked to a smart meter and smart…show more content…
Different methods of smart grid architecture have been reviewed in this paper. The choice of asmart grid architecture method in any study should be based on the particular demands of the application and also availability of energy sources. The renewable energy sources used in the smart grid are location climate dependant. The deciding factor in choosing renewable energy sources can be based on ease of availability of renewable energy source. The main goal of Web of Things based smart grid is control and monitor renewable energy sources is to operate all the appliances available in the home on renewable energy source. If it is not possible or enough power of renewable energy source is not available then all loads are switched on main energy source 230VAC. The switching of energy source is done automatically or manually through authenticated user. Also scheduling of energy sources, display of meter information etc. are some services provided to the authenticated
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