Cameron Steele Intro to Music Professor Walters 9/29/2014 The Snare Drum Ah the snare drum, one of the most well-known and versatile instrument in the percussion family. Although it’s not entirely clear when the snare drum was first developed. Scholars and Historians alike speculate that the snare drum was originally influenced by an instrument called the Tabor. This instrument was believed to have been created in the 14th century around Spain and the southern region of France (Jankins). Subsequently, the instrument later found its way into England around the similar time period.
The modern F horn has 3 valves, circular coils of narrow tubing flaring at the one end to a wide bell, and a funnel-shaped mouthpiece that accounts for the horn's soft, mellow tone. The double horn in F and Bb, introduced about 1900, is rapidly superseding the F horn. Equipped with an extra valve to switch to the Bb tubing, it offers certain technical advantages. It is debatable if it is possible to trace the invention of the French Horn to one person. However, two inventors are named as the first to invent a valve for the horn.
The name derived from similar aluminum bars that were mounted vertically and operated from the "harp" stop on a theatre organ. Since Deagan trademarked the name, others were obliged to use the earlier "vibraphone" for their instruments incorporating the newer design. As its popularity grew, other manufacturers began producing instruments based on Schluter's design, marketed under a variety of names. Although J.C. Deagan, Inc. called the instruments vibraharps. As the market for vibraphones was proven, several other manufacturers stepped in to supply the demand.
The irony, of course, is that the text may show some signs of cross-culturation, both by other Central American peoples as well as by European Christians. There are numerous examples of creation myths in the Popol Vuh that mirror Christian concepts; the Quiché belief that the first incarnations of man were imperfect and needed to be destroyed is reminiscent of the Biblical stories of Noah and Lot. The appearance of the Plumed Serpent in the Popol Vuh has a likely connection with the Aztec deity Quetzalcoatl, suggesting the
Although the music from the south in mainly bells and drums, and the music from the north contains mostly tonal instrumentations there are many forms of music which transcend this notion. In old Ghanaian culture drumming played an extremely important role in not just social gatherings, but also communication. In fact, the spoken word was invented after communication was established by drumming, and this verbal language directly mimicked the sounds that the drums made. The people of Ewe refer to this drum speech as vugbe. The drums of the Ewe people of Ghana are established much like a family.
The natural horn had a highly developed hand-stopping technique by the late eighteenth century, the horn was still the favorite solo instrument of the period, even though the natural horn had multiple problems when it came to be used melodically. Due to the natural horn needing to have stopped and open notes in combination while playing melody lines, this made the horn very inconsistent in a tonal sense. Also, because the horn could only be tuned in one key at this time, crook changes were needed to modulate effectively as well as large gaps in the lower range because of the horns harmonic series. These problems could be surpassed by composers in the orchestra by crooking in multiple keys but these restricting qualities sparked the need for invention and experimentation. “Attempts were made by several people to produce a chromatic scale by means other than hand-stopping.
Juggling records span the past 4,000 years, but only bits and pieces of its history were recorded leaving us without an accurate accounting until the fourth century A.D. to the present. From the Beni Hasan tombs we are left with a 1500-year gap until evidence of juggling appears sometime between the fourth and fifth centuries B.C. in Greek art. Since the Greeks believed juggling to be a form of recreation, many of its participants were women and depicted as so in art, and mainly pottery. Juggling history from the fourth century A.D. on is better documented through wall reliefs, pottery, figurines, and ancient writing references, which include sixteen poems by Martial.
Pretty Polly Compare/Contrast After listening to the different versions of the song, “Pretty Polly”, I have gathered thoughts on each different song and found a few different similarities and differences amongst the two. Pretty Polly #542 (PP542) was the first one I listened to. The song is sung a capella throughout the entire song, while a male is singing the song. It started off with the line, “O, Polly, pretty Polly”, which is a line used a lot throughout the song. The second version was Pretty Polly #826 (PP826).
Human sacrifice was a religious practice characteristic of pre-Columbian Aztec civilization, as well as of other Mesoamerican civilizations like the Maya and the Zapotec. The extent of the practice is debated by modern scholars. Spanish explorers, soldiers and clergy who had contact with the Aztecs between 1517, when an expedition from Cuba first explored the Yucatan, and 1521, when Hernán Cortés conquered the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, made observations of and wrote reports about the practice of human sacrifice. For example, Bernal Díaz's The Conquest of New Spain includes eyewitness accounts of human sacrifices as well as descriptions of the remains of sacrificial victims. In addition, there are a number of second-hand accounts of human sacrifices written by Spanish friars that relate the testimony of native eyewitnesses.
The French naturalist Geoffroy St. Hilaire would champion another version of evolutionary change in the 1820s, and the British writer Robert Chambers would author a best-selling argument for evolution in 1844: Vestiges of a Natural Creation. And in 1859, Charles Darwin would publish the Origin of Species. Lamarck, St. Hilaire, Chambers, and Darwin all had radically different ideas about how evolution operates, but only Darwin's still have scientific currency today.Darwin relied on much the same evidence for evolution that Lamarck did (such as vestigial structures and artificial selection through breeding), but made completely different arguments from Lamarck. Darwin did not accept an arrow of complexity driving through the history of life. He argued that complexity evolved simply as a result of life adapting to its local conditions from one generation to the next, much as modern biologists see this process.