There are differences between adult and infant sleep. At birth there is more active sleep than adult REM sleep; about half of infant sleep is spent in active sleep. As well as this, adults can usually go fairly directly into the state of deep sleep, whereas infants in the early months enter sleep through an initial period of light sleep. After 20 minutes or more they gradually enter deep sleep. By the age of 6 months a circadian rhythm is established and by the age of 1 year infants are usually sleeping mainly at night, with 1 or 2 naps during the day.
An anxiety dream is an unpleasant dream that is less disturbing than a nightmare. Anxiety dreams are characterized by the feelings of unease, distress, or apprehension in the dreamer upon waking. Anxiety dreams occur in “rapid eye movement sleep”, and common dreams involve incomplete tasks, embarrassment, falling, or pursuit. Anxiety dreams may be caused by childhood trauma, an adult dealing with conflict, or an overload of stress. Though they create anxiety in the dreamer, anxiety dreams also serve as a way for a person's ego to re-set.
As new born babies grow to adults there are major changes in the amount of sleep and kind of sleep that a human experiences. New born babies tend to sleep for 16 hours but their sleep is not continuous. They display two kinds of sleep: quiet and active sleep which are immature versions of REM and SWS. They are more likely to have active sleep than adults as this is when development takes place, but it slowly decreases. It has been suggested that babies sleep longer as an adaptive measure to make their parents life a lot easier.
Sleep deprivation occurs when a person does not sleep long enough to let the body rest and repair. This can lead to serious physical conditions that can be short-term or long-term effects on the body. If the body continually gets too little sleep in the long-term, life-threatening conditions can also occur. Droopy eyes, weakness and irritability are all symptoms expected from lack of sleep. If sleep deprivation is not solved, the body can long-term, serious conditions.
Many of us also think that sleep is a passive, constant and unchanging process. Yet, what we don’t realize that sleep is in fact a very active state. Our bodies move frequently during the night, but what’s even more striking is that our brain activity is more varied than it is when we are awake. As we sleep our body goes through what is called a non-Rem and Rem sleep. (REM stands for the Rapid Eye Movement) Typically we begin our sleep cycle with a period of non-REM sleep, what is than followed by a very short period of REM sleep.
In the article “Are Your Kids Little Addicts the article pointed out that sometimes children who were diagnosed with sleeping disorders or insomnia (which is a learned behavior) was prescribed sleeping pills right there and then. Both of these articles explained to us that sleep deprivation is a problem that we should deal with on time, in order to prevent sleep debt. Even when we think that sleep debt doesn’t affect us, it does because our performance levels go down even when we put all of our effort into what we are doing. Sleep should be given a schedule to follow in order for our minds and bodies to function correctly. And for sleeping pills, we should think twice when taking a sleeping pill because it might just be a problem that we can fix ourselves, without the need of a
Outline and Evaluate one explanations of sleep disorders Narcolepsy is caused by disruption of sleep wake cycle, where sufferers fall asleep randomly, often whilst engaging in some kind of activity. It is a long-term neurological condition that disrupts normal sleeping patterns which affects 1 in 2000 individuals. The two main symptoms are excessive daytime sleepiness and episodes of cataplexy which is loss of muscular control which often happens when laughing. Other symptoms include sleep paralysis and hallucinations, both experienced when falling asleep and waking up, and disturbed night-time sleep. Narcolepsy usually begins in adolescence and the type of severity of symptoms vary from person to person and may either worsen or improve with time.
| Sleep is one of the important dimensions toward health and wellness and not getting enough of it can have negative consequences. Sleep deprivation happens for many reasons; intentional and unintentional reasons. Often it is a sleeping disorder that causes the deprivation. Things like work, hobbies, television, or parties are activities people generally tend to put extra time towards, which could result in sleep deprivation. They are events we intentionally put forth time and effort even when it is cutting into our sleep time, though at times they are unintentionally overlapping into our sleeping.
Apnoea is a disorder where people stop breathing while sleeping, the pause may last few seconds or minutes which may occur 5-30 times an hour. Other parasomnias include sleep walking and teeth grinding that increase the likelihood that a person experiences insomnia. Personality is another factor as high levels of emotional arousal increase the likelihood of feeling anxious. In one study is was found that insomniacs were more likely to internalise psychological disturbance rather than acting out problems or being aggressive (kales et al 1976). It is important to distinguish between primary and secondary insomnia because of the treatment you receive.
Explore some of the issues that may be associated with the practise of co-sleeping. After birth newborns sleep anywhere between 11 to 21 hours a day varying form infant to infant (Michalesson, et al., as cited in Hoffnung et al., 2010). This can affect not only the new born child but also the main care giver and/or other family members who are living with the infant. This can lead to the practise of co-sleeping. Co-sleeping is where a newborn sleeps in the same bed as a family member or main caregiver.