African slaves were also a cheaper option, as they did not get paid for their work on the plantations. This was because slaves taken to the Americas were seen as property to their owners and an owner could treat a slave as he wished and therefore owners chose not to pay their slaves. Slaves were used in the
On order to capitalise on this new process, the south needed lots of cheap labour, and found it in the form of slaves. As the Northern climate could not support the cotton plant, the Northern and Southern economy began to grow apart, until they were extremely different, with the Northern economy focussing on industrialisation, and the Southern economy remaining as an agricultural economy. This meant that they had different goals when it came to their economy, and that different things would benefit them. In particular, they clashed over import taxes
Paper #2 To what degree did the Civil War result from the political, economic, cultural, and moral issues posed by the institution of slavery? Some people simply answer that it was a fight against slavery. While slavery did have an important part to play in the lead up to the Civil War, there were other causes that fed the fight between North and South that finally erupted into secession and Civil War with the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. First of all, there were economic and social differences between the North and the South; with the invention of the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable. This machine was able to reduce the time it took to separate seeds from the cotton, and, at the same time, allowed the increase in the number of plantations of other crops than cotton.
The key to economic power in Russia was agriculture. When Russia’s agriculture was turning out to look like a disaster, Alexander III as the Tsar made a difference by introducing new laws. He created Peasant Land Banks where peasants were given loans to increase their land size and grow more grain. Therefore Russia was able to sell more grain and gain more money. This suggests that Russia’s economy was improving very early on and this method of increasing their economic power panned out to be successful in the long term, however this would only be successful if the peasants buying the land were productive.
When the cotton gin was invented in 1793, cotton came to be very lucrative. This machine had the ability to decrease the time taken to separate seeds from the cotton. However, with the number of the plantations willing to change from growing other crops to cotton increasing, there was a greater need for a large amount of cheap labor which was achieved through slavery. This resulted in the Southern economy developing a one crop economy, which depended on cotton and consequently on slavery. In contrast to the South, the Northern economy was centered more on manufacturing than farming.
Southerners grew tobacco, sugar and particularly cotton. Having the South upholding the name of being the Cotton Kings, which produced 10% of the USA’s manufactured goods in the 1850s. in comparison to the North who were industrialising rapidly, generating a much larger output, twice as much. With this the North were growing through the process of being industrialised with growth of transportation in railways such as the development of steamboats which revolutionised travel on the great divers, Mississippi and its tributaries. Cities were growing around the advanced factories, this meant that slavery would not fit this type of economy, which is a clear difference as the South’s economy was based around slavery.
The Massachusetts Bay colony and Virginia colony had an economic structure that differed in several ways. First, how the slaves were used in contrasting ways in the Massachusetts Bay and Virginia to benefit the revenue of recourses, and the differences in time of abolishment of slavery over the proceeding centuries. With the use of indentured servants in Virginia dwindling, slaves became the priority choice for labor work on plantations, toiling in fields with exhausting work and extremely high mortality rates; while on the other hand, slaves in the North and Massachusetts Bay had a much easier lifestyle consisting of house work and light farming. Secondly, because of the rocky and more or less inhospitable landscape for large scale farming in the Massachusetts Bay area, the main sources of income revolved around fishing, furs, and shipbuilding, small crop farming was viable as
The south had an extremely large amount of slaves. Over time slavery flourished in the upper south and failed to do so in the north. But there were certain parts of the north that was very important to slavery. The northern states were seeking to buy a greater volume of raw materials but the european trading house basically controlled the market. The northern states were the trade competitors of europe.
Gary Nash discusses the impact of black people in a white peoples colony. The first negro people to come to America in Virginia were probably indentured servants who would receive some type of reward after their time of service was over, until 1660. After 1660 though many of the “Negros” that came to America were slaves, purchased as property. By the 1800’s every colony in America had “slave codes” which stripped black people of every right they had and made them property. His biggest claim was his stating of, “More than anything else it was sugar that transformed the African slave trade.” The slave trade became an extremely profitable enterprise for European nations once the sugar plantations reached the New World.
The European traders exchanged cheap and high demand goods such as pots, pans, guns and ammunition with the African chiefs in order to obtain the slaves. It was cheaper to attain the slaves from the chiefs than to purchase them from forts. The second stage began from West Africa to the Caribbean. This was known as the Middle Passage and was very devastating for the slaves as they suffered great hardships. The last stage was from the Caribbean back to Europe.