The fourteenth Amendment (1868) gave citizenship rights to all people bon in the USA and was an attempt to assure the rights of previous slaves. Furthermore the Fifteenth Amendment (1870) gave all citizens voting rights regardless of their race. However these rights were never fully enforced, although progress was made toward racial inequality, even in the south. Between 1890 and 1910, southern states introduced legal segregation which was achieved by passing local laws which denied black Americans from using the same facilities e.g. educational, health care, cinemas, etc.
Washington D.C. would no longer be permitted to trade in slavery, but slavery was still permitted in the Capitol. California was admitted to the Union as a free state, as they had requested. Now, the bad part of the compromise would begin. In order to secure the agreement of the other politicians, they passed what came to be known as the Fugitive Slave Act. This was a disaster for the country.
The court rejected Scott’s appeal, referring it to that African American doesn’t have any rights under the Constitution. The decision was positivity written down by the government explaining the power of the people and their property. The government stated that the power should not exercise others; they should not have power over the person and his property. No laws or traditions upon the relation between the slave and the master and can be overruled by the power of the government. The government had no right to take away the right of the American citizen that he or she had reserved by the Constitution.
The union came back together under one President Abraham Lincoln. Congress came together and made up a plan to bring everyone together. They started by giving rights and ending slavery. The 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments were unsuccessful in giving African Americans the basic rights. Outlaw slavery in the United States.
Unfortunately, Lincoln called this secession a Rebellion instead of what it was. This was the result of the break-up of the political system of a growing nation. At this time in history, the South was largely a plantation economy/agricultural economy and their population was very slow to rise. On the other hand, the North had heartily embraced an industrial economy and the birth rate soared. It soon became evident that the South was loosing hold on their part of the government, something that became clear when talk of the abolition of slavery rolled around; it wasn't so much an issue that the government sought to abolish slavery as that ordering it on a Federal level was in violation of the Tenth Amendment and states' rights.
The South was taken advantage of by radical Republicans, carpetbaggers, and the federal government that occupied the South until 1877. The poor and the ex-slaves were treated the worst, mainly by sharecropping that made both the blacks and whites owe money to land owners for at least 20 years. Although this would change when the Reconstruction Time in history brought slaves back to join the Union. The freed blacks were given no assistance in even a small measure of how the society works.Less than 1% of the Southern poor had any education. Schools were built, but there was no required education policy that supervised schools progress or lack of same.
By “freeing” the slaves in the Confederate States, Lincoln encouraged Northern blacks to contribute to the war effort. Although the Emancipation Proclamation itself did not legally free any slaves in the Confederacy, it eventually encouraged 179,000 blacks to serve as soldiers in the U.S. Army. Another 19,000 served in the U.S. Navy. Recruiting posters, like the one in Document D, show the Union’s attempts to fill its regiments with black soldiers as the number of white volunteers dwindled. Although Lincoln faced some opposition from members of the Democratic Party, who refused to “fight to free negroes” (Document E), he knew the Union’s need for soldiers was becoming desperate.
Why or why not? It’s important first before we talk about equal opportunity and race in America that we define voting rights, civil rights, equal opportunity, and equality outcome. The 13th Amendment was important because it was the abolishment of slavery. “This point is underscored by the fact that, although slavery was abolished by constitution amendment, not one word of the original text was amended or deleted” (Spalding, 463). Voting Rights Act prohibits states from imposing voting qualifications for voting, on standards, practices, or procedures that deny or take the right of a U.S. citizen to vote because of race, color, or a language minority group.
This would mean an entirely different lifestyle for African Americans. There was still racism going on, but no African American was considered a slave. By ending slavery this forced the south to find a new way of supporting themselves and working their cash crops. In 1863 President Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation meaning that all people that were held as slaves within the United States shall be forever set free. But this did not end slavery in the nation.
House Divided Speech, June 16th 1858 In this prophetic speech Lincoln foreshadows the deep division that occurred between the northern and southern states in saying A house divided against itself cannot stand. I believe this government cannot endure, permanently, half slave and half free. I do not expect the Union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided. It will become all one thing or all the other. He further shows his opposition towards slavery in denouncing the ending of the Missouri Compromise’s ban on slavery in Kansas and Nebraska and the Dred Scott, which he say as another step in the direction of spreading slavery into Northern territories.