The act was created to protect children and Templeman regarded the arguments on the words ‘is suffering’ as a distraction from the aim. ‘This is an example of judicial practicality and desire to see justice down’ . This case illustrates that the ‘rules’ of statutory interpretation do not have to be followed exactly and are merely guidelines. Lord Templeman states that the rules of interpretation have ‘an aura of scientific authenticity about them when the reality is that interpreting any document is more of an art than a science’ . In other words, the rules can only be guidelines because judges will clearly have different interpretations.
He thinks bilingual programs are a disadvantage because they don't help students ﬁt in, instead of just letting the kids learn amongst other kids and feel socially accepted. This is signiﬁcant in multiple ways because it can be applied to many students situations where they are brought up and completely raised in an indigenous language household. ! ! Rhetorical Devices/Figurative Language & Effects: Rodriguez uses anecdotes in order to portray how his personal families became responsible for the way that they used language and how it affected the development of his family’s identity.
It was just a multiple choice question. The author also argues that children’s moods, their skills and disabilities, and drive to achieve affect the way they take these tests. Why make homeschooled students take the same tests as public schools, when public schools are obviously not succeeding at education? Bittner goes on to argue that testing cannot sufficiently measure homeschoolers’ learning. Homeschoolers are not taught out of a textbook; they learn more by reading and picking up
For example, if a lower class man and woman have a child then their child would not be able to rise form the lower class. The major experiments to prove biological determinism are Twin Studies. Psychologist separate twins at birth and then see how their behaviors are similar and claim that their biological predisposition or strong genetic component causes their behaviors to be similar and prove that genetics is the only factor that affects behavior and not the environment. On the other hand, B.F. Skinner, in his book “Beyond Freedom and Dignity”, stated that all behavior is fully governed by external stimuli and concluded that free will is an illusion. Also, John B. Watson argued that behavior is governed primarily by the environment.
a boy playing with a doll). Furthermore, social learning theory supports the nurture side of the nature nurture debate by stating that gender role is learnt through upbringing. Bandura found that children can tell the difference between male and female behaviours and they then use this to influence their own behaviour. For example, Bandura et al found that children do no model the behaviour of both of their parents (i.e. a boy may not cook dinner even though they observe their mother carrying out this behaviour).
In negative reinforcement, the person realise the consequence of what had happened that caused them to be punished and because of this, the individual will be afraid of putting up the behaviour that caused the punishment. The behaviourist believes in right now and right here rather than looking at a person’s past past or medical history. This can be classed as an advantage for many people who do not know the cause of their abnormal behaviour. In Paul’s case, the behaviourist approach did not actually try to recognise what his previous problems where, their key centre was on how to improve his problematic behaviour with the help of the environment he is in. This approach reacts on Paul depending on the environment because they believe that individual’s learn from their environment as a result, the only way to help explain Paul’s problem was by moving him away from his present environment.
In conversation between people that are present, it has been proved that the verbal content isn’t always as significant as body language and tone. Since in the hypnotic induction the former doesn’t feature at all and the latter is more neutral, then the content will be more important in creating imagery, especially after the first stage of the induction. The most convincing proof for the necessity to personalise inductions for me, first came in two experiments held in the hypnotherapy class. They were conducted using the students as test subjects and feedback was gained afterwards. The first experiment involved personalising the induction in a permissive, and then in an authoritarian style.
The hidden curriculum has a big influence on pupils, its one thing to teach the child educationally but if the child is treated unjustly (no voice) by the school system then a much more negative message is given to those pupils about the nature of society. According to Functionalists, meritocracy exists in all of society. Parson (1961) believes in the wider society everyone is treated the same and that your position is determined by your effort and your will to achieve. So society is said to be meritocratic, as everybody can achieve if they want to. Durkheim (2002) Believes that there are fixed rules for all and by transmitting the norms and values across society, it is then fair and meritocratic.
Professors believe that racism could be prevented through education; however, no research has proven this method to be effective. Despite the good intentions, these education programs would be ineffective due to the way humans think and the way they are influenced. Education programs in elementary schools designed to teach young students about racial issues would be useless. Educators believe if these children are taught about racial problems before they are old enough to form their own opinions, racism could be prevented. However, because racism originates from the home, any outside influences are pointless at the Cowan 2 elementary age.
Kohlberg and Gilligan have differences in their theories of moral/ethical development. One of the main issues Gilligan has with Kohlberg’s research is the fact that he only studied males and feels the results were biased against women. Since Kohlberg was an actual student of Piaget, he set up his theory in stages similar to his teacher. Kohlberg believes that morality is justice based and has developed 3 stages, 2 levels each, of moral development. The first stage is the pre-conventional stage: Children unquestionably obey rules set for them and then move into a flexibility of the rules based on individual influence.