Skin Cancers Essay

742 WordsOct 23, 20143 Pages
Different types of skin cancer Stephanie Sprague ITT Technical Institute Different types of skin cancer Skin cancer can affect all parts of your body and can be very severe and harmful to the body. There is Basal cell carcinoma, melanoma, Actinic Keratosis (AK). These are just a few we will be talking about today. Basal Cell Carcinoma (BCC) Basal cell carcinoma is characterized by pink, raised, waxy bumps that may at times bleed after minor injuries occur. They may have superficial blood vessels and a central depression. People who receive organ transplants are at a higher risk of getting Basal cell carcinoma compared to the general population. They are locally invasive, and rarely metastasizes only in exceedingly rare cases has it been known to spread to other parts of the body and become life threating. They are abnormal, uncontrolled growths or lesions that arise in the skin’s basal cells, which line the deepest layer of the epidermis. There are many ways to remove BCC doctors may do a procedure called Mohs micrographic surgery, there is also radiation and excisional surgery just to name a few. There are also a few topical medications that may be used to treat BCC. Melanoma The most dangerous form of skin cancer, these cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage to skin cells (most often caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunshine or tanning beds) triggers mutations (genetic defects) that lead the skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. These tumors originate in the pigment-producing melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. Melanomas often resemble moles; some develop from moles. The majority of melanomas are black or brown, but they can also be skin-colored, pink, red, purple, blue or white. Melanoma is caused mainly by intense, occasional UV exposure (frequently leading to

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