Skin Cancer Essay

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Skin Cancer Introduction The National Cancer Institute defines skin cancer as a: “Cancer that forms in the tissues of the skin.” (1) This essay will designate the epidemiology of skin cancer in the Australian population. Specifically, the essay will focus on the age group with the most deaths – 75 and over. It will also relate the Ottawa charter and health belief model to skin cancer. Incidence According to World 2000 population, Australia has the highest incidence rate of cutaneous (of the skin) melanoma; of 40.2 cases per 100,000 populations in 2008. (2) Our skin (the epidermis) contains three types of cells: squamous cells, basal cells and melanocytes. All three can be cancerous. Melanoma is the most common skin cancer worldwide (3). Skin cancer has cases that are miniscule and others huge. The outcome is about how thin/thick the melanomas are. From 1990-2006, males aged 75+ experienced an age-standardized increase of 14.1%. This was the thickness of the melanoma at 4.00mm) had a modest incidence of 4.6% for males. Females had half the incidence in the same time period. (2) Prevalence It’s a startling fact that 66% (two/thirds) of the population will get skin cancer by the age of 70. (4) At the completion of 2004, prevalence rates indicated nearly 117,000 people had skin cancer. (5) It was only second to breast cancer prevalence in the same time period. Other figures for prevalence could not be found due to a lack of statistics. Howbeit, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) reported a significant increase in malignant (layer that directly hits the sun) skin cancer cases from 2001-2004 (+53,600). (6) Mortality The ABS documented in its 2008 ‘Selected Causes of deaths of males across the life course’ that there is a 67.4 age-specific death for people aged 75+ per 100,000 populations. (7) In particular, over the course of ten years, skin cancer as

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