Whenever a mineral is needed hormone signals are sent to the bones and the mineral that is needed is released into the blood stream. Vitamin D is needed for bones to properly absorb and store these minerals. 2) Flat bones provide extensive surfaces for muscles to attach. Muscles attach to flat bones to help provide movement of the arms and legs. Flat bones provide protection for the internal organs including the brain, heart, lungs, liver and kidneys.
Calcium is needed to make bones hard, which allows them to support your weight. Bones also store calcium and release some into the bloodstream when it's needed by other parts of the body. The amounts of certain vitamins and minerals that an individual eat, especially vitamin D and calcium, directly affects how much calcium is stored in the bones. The diagram below shows long bone which is consist of the parts as following: the diaphysis, the epiphyses, the metaphyses, the articular cartilage, the periosteum, the medullary cavity and the endosteum. Parts of long bone (Reference: www.web-books.com) • Diaphysis is the main or mid section (shaft) of a long bone.
The brain, eyes, heart, lungs and spinal cord are all protected by your skeleton. Your cranium skull protects your brain and eyes, the ribs protect your heart and lungs and your vertebrae spine, backbones protect your spinal cord. Bones provide the structure for muscles to attach so that our bodies are able to move. Tendons are tough inelastic bands that hold attach muscle to bone. There are many differences between the male and female human skeletons.
The bones of the skull are considered flat bones. The vertebral column supports the head and encloses the spinal cord, which mean that it ranges from the base of the skull down to the pelvis. The vertebral column is composed of 26 individual bones, these bones are referred to as vertebrae. The spinal column is divided into five different areas containing groups of vertebrae: There are seven cervical vertebrae in the neck; twelve thoracic vertebrae in the upper back corresponding to each pair of ribs; five lumbar vertebrae in the lower back; five sacral vertebrae which are fused together to form one bone called the sacrum; four coccygeal vertebrae that are fused together to form the tail-bone. The vertebrae support the head and trunk of the body.
Is excess protein good or bad for you? Protein is a vital nutrient to the bodies on a daily basis and it is essential to the bodies’ normal functions. Next to water, protein is the most plentiful substance in the body and most of it (60%-70%) is located in the skeletal muscles. Protein is made up of amino acids and serves as a building block for repairing the muscles, bones, cartilage, skin, hair, nails, and blood. It also assists in synthesizing enzymes and hormones, maintaining fluid balance, and regulating such vital functions as building antibodies against infection, blood clotting, and scar formation.
Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin that is extremely important in the normal formation of bones and teeth. It is also a key player in for the right amount of absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the bowels. Vitamin D is also naturally synthesized by the skin cells in response to sun exposure. Some of the signs and symptoms of rickets are delayed growth, pain in the spine, pelvis, and legs, and muscle weakness. The softened growth plates at the ends of a child’s bones due to rickets can cause bowed legs, abnormally curved spine, thickened wrists and ankles, and breastbone projections.
The human body has 206 bones which are organized in the skeleton. It functions as a protection of vital organs, forms the framework of the body, and supports vital body functions, such as physical movement, as well as communication. The skull encases the soft tissue in the human brain, the rib cage and sternum, shield the heart and lungs from the surrounding environment, and the pelvis safely houses our internal organs. Humans have an endoskeleton which is inside the body, and is split into two main divisions, the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton consists of 80 bones and comprises the skull (facial bones and cranial bones), hyoid bone, , vertebral column, auditory ossicles and the thorax (the sternum and the rib bones form the thorax).
Iron, fluoride, selenium, manganese, zinc, iodine, cobalt, and copper are trace minerals. Trace minerals and macrominerals perform various functions. The most plentiful mineral in the body is Calcium. Calcium helps build strong teeth and bones. Calcium rich sources are dairy products and leafy green vegetables.
This article provides the details of how bones really heal themselves within the body, and all the different terms for each process. Discussion: I will discuss the details the article provides for each function and process the bone goes through. The main function of bones is to create structure for the body but also the body stores minerals in the compact bone. The red marrow is also used to produce red blood cells and the yellow marrow is used to store fat. Your bones never stop growing or changing, and the three primary cells used in the bone growth process are osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and chondroblasts.
The skeletal system provides the support for the human body. The strength of our bones depend mainly on how much weight our bones are carrying. When we workout depending on our goals we are either gaining or losing weight. Exercise has a major effect on our bones and what bone diseases we may or may not be prone to. When we exercise we are putting stress on our muscles, and also our bones, both groups work together to support whatever kind of lifting the body may be doing.