Comparative Essay As time progressed, many civilizations began to improve and evolve into more sophisticated societies. The Achaemenid Empire of Persia and the Han Dynasty of China are two of the most successful societies during this time period. The methods used by these two societies to control their territories contribute to their accomplishment. While the Achaemenid Empire used a different method to handle their foreign issues compared to the Han Dynasty, both empires used similar systems to control their territories such as dividing their empires into districts and developing a road system. A major difference between the methods used by the Achaemenid Empire and the Han Dynasty would be the way they handled foreign issues.
Comparison Essay Han China and Gupta/Maryann Although the Han China from 206 B.C.E.-220 C.E lasted longer than the Mauryan/Gupta India from 320 B.C.E-550 C.E., they both used hierarchy and bureaucracy as their political control. However, The Han China had a more stable government than the Gupta, but religion had a minimal political impact. Meanwhile, Gupta’s religion had a greatly impact on political control. While Han China and Gupta relied on bureaucracy to demonstrate imperial power over the people, Han China was more organized and successful in keeping the empire under control than Gupta since China was centralized by the Quin dynasty in 221 B.C.E. Han Chinese bureaucracy has an emperor on top and has absolute power over empire.
This bond lead to Roman citizens to be much more supportive of people, and created an organized society. This way of living lead Rome’s government to being more politically strengthened and less centralized. Han China and Imperial Rome differed in their way of selecting political leaders, but both empires had someone in power to watch over their empires. The Mandate of Heaven and divinity from nature applied when choosing the Han China emperor. Throughout the tears, emperors were chosen from heredity genes.
Although Han China and Imperial Rome's method of political control was alike in their use of a centralized government, they were different in the sense of the roles of citizens in the government and the techniques for keeping the lower classes happy. Han China and Imperial Rome both had centralized governments, each with male leaders. Emperor Wu Ti was the Hans political leader; he often referred to himself as the “Son of Heaven”. Emperor Wu Ti developed a bureaucracy. Wu worked to increase authority and prestige of the central government.
Also, Rome suffered some bad luck, perhaps, in the form of invasions. “According to Adshead's book China in World History, comparing Han China and the Roman Empire gives context and assists understanding of China's interactions and relations with other civilisations of Antiquity. In his opinion, the Roman Empire bears the closest similarity to the Han Empire of the ancient civilisations. He also compares the two to assess their "relative standing" in the ancient world. Despite the similarities between the two, Adshead concludes that when examining Han China and the Roman Empire before Constantine, their "differences outweighed the similarities".
The aristocracies of the Qin were largely similar in their culture and daily life. Han dynasty began in 206BC. It succeeded to unify China by expanding it’s military prowess across the borders of other regions of Asia, diminishing the
The rise of Rome was not because of emperors or armies like China was but more however, because it was accompanied by many other territiories of wealth. (pg.149) The most common areas were of the Mediterranean world, which had previously been in the east, in Egypt, and Greece. The rise of Rome was contributed to the shift westward in economic and political power. (pg. 154) After the rise of Julius Caesar the whole Mediterranean world became under roman legeslation.
East Meets West By Miguel Vela Period 1 Two major civilizations, Classical Athens in the West and Han China in the East, had many differences but how great were they? Han China and Classical Athens difference was very great not just because of their locations but also at politics, culture and society. Analyzing each civilizations government, cultural aspects and society can help prove why their differences were so great. Han China and Classical Athens governments were extremely different. Han Chinas government was strictly centralized, with an emperor as their supreme and divine ruler; the Son of Heaven.
The book, Art of War, reveals several aspects of Chinese military warfare that differs from the Romans. While Chinese warfare was more concerned with tactics and strategies to The Chinese empire was very successful in many of their militaristic endeavors because they used many clever warfare strategies. In Sun Tzu’s book, Art of War, the primary strategy the Chinese empire implemented was focused on gaining absolute control over enemy forces. Manipulating and weakening the enemy was crucial in order to gain control over the enemy. Using the terrain to the enemy’s disadvantage and to the army’s advantage was one way Sun Tzu implemented his strategy.
For both China and India, the early twentieth century marked a period of radical changes that were not common to these highly traditional societies. The phenomena that spurred both leaders’ desire for change were mainly systems that both perceived as representative of the West. In India, Gandhi opposed British colonization in his country. The British had forced Western civilization, industrialization, and modernization onto the Indians. Gandhi struggled to fight against British colonizing power and the Western models of society brought with it.