The Italian Renaissance art is usually referred to the rebirth of art in Europe between 1400 and 1600. It started in Italy, in the city state of Florence. The Renaissance art was inspired by ancient Greece and Rome with the central idea of Humanism. Later on, trade and commerce brought the Italian ideas northward. Along with the invention of the printing press in the mid-fifteenth century, the Renaissance artistic developments spread to other parts of Europe and started the creation of the Northern Renaissance.
Italy is located in southern Europe, bordering France and Switzerland to the North. The important cultures that thrived in Italy and that defined civilization in the ancient times are the Romans and the ancient Italy Etruscan civilization. Etruscan refers to the culture that existed in the prehistoric times and stretched over to the foundation of Europe. Roman culture generally refers to a form of a civilization that originated from the Italian peninsula that would later grow and become the Roman Empire with much influence in the Western Europe. Likewise, Greece has played an important role in influencing today cultural and political systems.
Northern renaissance mostly focused on religious ideas. They were more concern with reform the church and adopt the path of early Christian church. Jan van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece (closed), Saint Bavo Cathedral, Ghent and Rogier vander Weyden’s Deposition also show this concept. Also northern renaissance art artist were more realistic than Italian renaissance artists. Their painting didn’t have Greek gods but real people.
Political, social, and economic changes in the 19th century aided the rise of Western powers in many ways. Nationalism spread and lead to the unification of Europe, such as Germany and Italy. Reforms changed the economy, also promoting unity through Europe. These are all different examples of how political, social, and economic changes aided the rise of Western power. First, Nationalism changed the map of Europe because it lead to unification.
The motives were both spiritual and material. Spreading Christianity, and the search for precious metals and cheap spices were primary reasons to explore. Increasing knowledge of geography and better navigation tools and better ships provided them with the means to explore with greater confidence. The renaissance period strengthened a crusading mentality throughout Europe. Many explorers claimed to be exploring to spread Christianity to the indigenous peoples they encountered in the new mysterious lands.
University of Phoenix | Renaissance Comparison Essay Individual Week 7 Assignment | Shayna MM Briiton 6/24/2012 | June 24, 2012 The Italian and Northern Renaissance During the Italian Renaissance, Italy itself went through many changes. The renaissance brought on individualism, economic expansion and stability. During the early stages of the Italian Renaissance Florence, Italy was the center of attention (sort of speak). One family dominated the early times and helped place Florence at the epicenter for all forms of art. The Medici family came in to power by establishing banks all over Europe.
The Renaissance was a cultural movement that took place from the 14th to the 17th century. It is believed to have begun in Florence, Italy in the late Middle Ages, aided by the political and civil structure of the city, the patronage of the powerful Medici family, and the migration of Greek scholars and their texts after the Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks. The movement focused on a return to the concept of humanism, which centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth. The Renaissance affected literature, philosophy, religion, science, politics, and art. Its two main divisions are the Italian Renaissance and the Northern Renaissance, although the later covers a much larger area and even though every country had its own
Scenes of Christ’s life was desired in Catholic Churches, which triggered a large demand for religious paintings as the Renaissance progressed. The Virgin Mary is the second most portrayed religious figure in Renaissance art, with only Jesus Christ surpassing her. “Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements in a work of art” (Grantham). Composition draws in the viewer and draws their attention
Chapter 1 The Italian Renaissance, The Northern Renaissance (1450-1550) The Italian Renaissance Italian City states • Northern Italian towns expanded from trade centers of the Roman Empire to independent city-states. • These city-states ruled wide areas of surrounding countryside. • The unified people of Europe took advantage of their proximity to the sea. The applied the energy that springs from being always at the focus of crisis to establish a seagoing trade with the peoples in the eastern Mediterranean. • Major City States • Republic of Genoa • Duchy of Milan • Rome, the Papal states • Naples, Kingdom of two Sicilies • Venice, Venetian Republic • Venice, Genoa, and Pisa used their location on the Mediterranean to control the European trade with the middle
Event: The Italian Renaissance begins. Causes: * A lot of people who lived between 1350 and 1550 believed that they witnessed a rebirth of the ancient Greek and Roman world. * Renaissance Italy was largely urban society, and it was in the age of recovery from the disasters of the fourteenth century such as the plague. Effects: * The renaissance society was divided into three society classes even though this continued into the renaissance the new society made changes but the three groups was The Nobility, Peasants and Townspeople, and Family and Marriage. * Renaissance humanist believed that education could dramatically change human beings; they wrote books and opened schools based on their new ideas.